Chorionic villi derived mesenchymal like stem cells and expression of embryonic stem cells markers during long-term culturing
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be obtained from a variety of human tissues. MSCs derived from placental chorionic villi of the first trimester are likely to resemble, biologically, embryonic stem cells (ESC), due to the earlier development stage of placenta. In the present study long-term cultures of MSC-like cells were assessed in order to evaluate MSCs multipotent characteristics and molecular features during the period of culture. CV-cells obtained from 10 samples of chorionic villus displayed typical fibroblastoid morphology, undergone 20 passages during a period of 120 days, maintaining a stable karyotype throughout long term expansion. The cells were positive, for CD90, CD73, CD105, CD29, CD44, HLA ABC antigens and negative for CD14, CD34, AC133, and HLA DR antigens as resulted from the flow cytometry analysis. CV-cells were differentiated in adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes and neuronal cells under specific culture conditions. The expression of the ESC-gene markers POU5F1 (Oct-4) and NANOG was observed at earliest stages (4–12 passages) and not at the late stages (14–20 passages) by RT-PCR analysis. ZFP42 and SOX2 expression were not detected. Moreover, CV-cells were found to express GATA4 but not NES (Nestin). Chorionic villi-derived cells possess multipotent properties, display high proliferation rate and self-renew capacity, share common surface antigens with adult MSCs and express certain embryonics stem cells gene markers. These characteristics highlight chorionic villi as an attractive source of MSCs for the needs of regenerative medicine.
KeywordsChorionic villi mesenchymal like cells (CV-MSCs) Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) Long-term culturing Multipotency Pluripotency genes
E. Katsiani contribution to the paper was the conception, the design and the first drafting of the article. A. Garas and C. Skentou contribution was the acquisition of chorionic villi samples and participation in the analysis of data. A. Tsezou and K. Dafopoulos participated in the analysis and interpretation of data. CI Messini contributed to the drafting, A. Daponte contributed to the shortening of the revised manuscript and I.E. Messinis contributions were at the conception of study and the final approval.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interests to be declared.
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