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Cell and Tissue Banking

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 171–180 | Cite as

Induced pluripotent stem cells and their implication for regenerative medicine

  • Maria Csobonyeiova
  • Stefan Polak
  • Jan Koller
  • Lubos DanisovicEmail author
Mini Review

Abstract

In 2006 Yamanaka’s group showed that stem cells with properties similar to embryonic stem cells could be generated from mouse fibroblasts by introducing four genes. These cells were termed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Because iPSCs avoid many of ethical concerns associated with the use of embryonic material, they have great potential in cell-based regenerative medicine. They are suitable also for other various purposes, including disease modelling, personalized cell therapy, drug or toxicity screening and basic research. Moreover, in the future, there might become possible to generate organs for human transplantation. Despite these progresses, several studies have raised the concern for genetic and epigenetic abnormalities of iPSCs that could contribute to immunogenicity of some cells differentiated from iPSCs. Recent methodological improvements are increasing the ease and efficacy of reprogramming, and reducing the genomic modification. However, to minimize or eliminate genetic alternations in the derived iPSC line creation, factor-free human iPSCs are necessary. In this review we discuss recent possibilities of using iPSCs for clinical applications and new advances in field of their reprogramming methods. The main goal of present article was to review the current knowledge about iPSCs and to discuss their potential for regenerative medicine.

Keywords

Induced pluripotent stem cells Regenerative medicine Gene therapy Reprogramming 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Grant UK No. 55/2014 and by the Grant of Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic No. 2012/4-UKBA-4.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Csobonyeiova
    • 1
  • Stefan Polak
    • 1
  • Jan Koller
    • 2
  • Lubos Danisovic
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University HospitalComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Institute of Medical Biology, Genetics and Clinical Genetics, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia

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