The Prevalence of Uncorrected Refractive Errors in Adolescents Incarcerated in a Youth Detention Center
The purpose of this study was to determine the number of residents requiring corrective lenses in a youth detention center for juveniles from 12 to 18 years old over a 2-year period. A greater number of adolescents incarcerated for criminal activity in a detention center had uncorrected refractive errors (34.87 %) as compared to a comparable population in the public school system (22 %). The prevalence of significant refractive errors among incarcerated adolescents in this study is significantly higher than has been reported previously. The current study found a refractive error rate of almost 35 %. This difference can be explained by a number of factors in their social environments and identifies an area for potential intervention to reduce antisocial behavior in this population.
KeywordsRefractive error Juvenile detention Vision screening At risk School failure
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
No financial interests or conflicts of interest for corresponding author or co-authors.
- Dandona, R., & Dandona, L. (2001). Refractive error blindness. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79, 1–10.Google Scholar
- Johnson, R., Nottingham, D., Stratton, R., & Zaba, J. N. (1996). The vision screening of academically and behaviorally at-risk pupils. Journal of Behavioral Optometry, 17, 1–5.Google Scholar
- Kleinstein, R. N., Jones, L. A., Hullett, S., Kwon, S., Lee, R. J., Friedman, N. E., … & Zadnik, K. (2003). Refractive error and ethnicity in children. Archives of Ophthalmology, 121, 1141–1147.Google Scholar
- Leonard, R. (2002). Statistics on vision impairment: A resource manual. Arelene R Gordon Research Institute of Lighthouse International. April.Google Scholar
- Rohul, A. M., Maqbool, A., Hussain, S. A., Shamila, H., Anjum, F., & Hamdani, Z. A. (2013). Prevalence of refractive errors in adolescents in outpatient attendees of the preventive ophthalmology clinic of community medicine, SKIMS, Kashmir, India. Nitte University Journal of Health Science, 3, 7–20.Google Scholar
- Zaba, J. N. (2001a). Children’s vision care in the 21st century and its impact on education, literacy, social issues, and the workplace: A call to action. Journal of Behavorial Optometry, 22, 39–40.Google Scholar
- Zaba, J. N. (2001b). Social, emotional, and educational consequences of undetected children’s vision problems. Journal of Behavioral Optometry, 12, 66–70.Google Scholar