Diffusion phenomena during liquid-phase nitration of aromatic compounds
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The nitration of toluol is examined: diffusion of toluol from a drop of organic phase toward the interphase surface, and interaction of the toluol with nitric acid in the reaction zone with formation of mononitrotoluol, which diffuses in the organic phase. It is demonstrated that the nitration process is basically complete at a distance from the surface of a drop, which is equal to its radius, and the extent of the nitration is 90% at a distance equal to half the radius.
KeywordsNitric Acid Mineral Resource Organic Phase Aromatic Compound Nitration
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