Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 133, Issue 3, pp 487–498 | Cite as

HALF THE SKY: The Moderating Role of Cultural Collectivism in Job Turnover Among Chinese Female Workers

  • Jingqiu Chen
  • Lei Wang
  • Ningyu Tang


The present study examines how collectivism, an important cultural value, plays a moderating role in the association between job attitudes (job satisfaction and organizational commitment) and actual turnover in a sample of 781 Chinese female workers. Results show that collectivism moderates the relationships between job attitude variables and turnover intention. Job satisfaction and organizational commitment are more powerful in predicting turnover intention when levels of collectivism are high rather than low. However, collectivism only moderates the mediation of turnover intention in the relationship between job satisfaction and actual turnover. The study deepens the understanding of the moderating effect of cultural values in organizational behavioral outcomes as Taras et al. (J Appl Psychol 95:405–439, 2010) suggest. Also discussed are the practical implications on how to control the voluntary termination of female laborers who constitute an important part in Chinese manufacturing.


Collectivism Job satisfaction Organizational commitment Turnover Chinese female workers 



We wish to thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Grant awarded to the first author (Grant 70901051) and for grant awarded to the third author (Grant 71132003). The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent the views of the National Natural Science Foundation of China. We also express our appreciation to Jian Yi, Xiao Wang, Tingting Hu and Qing Liu for their help in data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management and Organization, Antai College of Economics and ManagementShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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