Advertisement

Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 102, Issue 4, pp 685–697 | Cite as

The Moral Threat of Compartmentalization: Self, Roles and Responsibility

  • Cécile Rozuel
Article

Abstract

Although most of us understand and accept that we play different roles in different settings, the moral implications of an unquestioned role-based world are serious. The prevalence of roles at the expense of ‘real’ people in organizations jeopardizes our ability to exercise full moral agency and ascribe moral responsibility, because ‘we were only fulfilling our role obligations’. This reasoning does not sustain ethical scrutiny, however, because individuals are always present behind the role, though they may lack awareness of their ability to choose and act as fully fledged individuals. The article argues that moral responsibility requires us to move away from a role-based life game which leads us to compartmentalize and forget who we are and what we value at a significant cost. On the contrary, an understanding of the process of compartmentalization and a greater awareness of the complex yet holistic nature of the self contribute to furthering moral integrity and responsibility.

Key words

compartmentalization Jung moral agency persona responsibility role self 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aïssel, S.: 2005, La Nouvelle Psychologie Spirituelle (Spiritual Book France, Barr).Google Scholar
  2. Ashar, H. and Lane-Maher, M.: 2004, ‘Success and Spirituality in the New Business Paradigm’, Journal of Management Inquiry 13(3), 249-260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Colman, W.: 2008, ‘On Being, Knowing and Having a Self’, Journal of Analytical Psychology 53(3), 351-366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crowley, V.: 1998, Principles of Jungian Spirituality, (Thorsons/HarperCollins, London).Google Scholar
  5. Doron, R. and Parot, F. : 1991, Dictionnaire de Psychologie, (Presses Universitaires de France, Paris).Google Scholar
  6. Drumwright, M.E. and Murphy, P.E.: 2004, ‘How Advertising Practitioners View Ethics’, Journal of Advertising 33(2), 7-24.Google Scholar
  7. Elster, J. (ed.): 1986, The Multiple Self, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  8. Ferrucci, P.: 2004, What we may be, (Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, New York, NY).Google Scholar
  9. Figler, R. and Hanlon, S.: 2008, ‘Management Development and the Unconscious From an Analytical Psychology Framework’, Journal of Management Development 27(6), 613-630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Flores, A. and Johnson, D.G.: 1983, ‘Collective Responsibility and Professional Roles’, Ethics 93(3), 537-545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gioia, D.A.: 1992, ‘Pinto Fires and Personal Ethics: A Script Analysis of Missed Opportunities’, Journal of Business Ethics 11(5/6), 379-389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goffman, E.: 1959, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, (Penguin, Harmondsworth).Google Scholar
  13. Gotsis, G. and Kortezi, Z.: 2008, ‘Philosophical Foundations of Workplace Spirituality: A Critical Approach’, Journal of Business Ethics 78(4), 575-600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guillory, W. A.: 2001, The Living Organization - Spirituality in the Workplace, 2nd edition (Innovations International, Salt Lake City, UT).Google Scholar
  15. Hall, C.S. and Nordby, V.J.: 1973, A Primer of Jungian Psychology, (Meridian Book/Penguin, New York, NY).Google Scholar
  16. Hill, R.D.: 2000, Self Discovery: The Spiritual Psychology of C.G. Jung, (AmErica House Book Publishers, Baltimore, MD).Google Scholar
  17. Hubback, J.: 1998, ‘The Dynamic Self’, Journal of Analytical Psychology 43(2), 277-285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jung, C. G.: 1958, The Undiscovered Self (Routledge, London).Google Scholar
  19. Jung, C. G.: 1969a, Aion – The Collected Works, Part II, Vol. 9, 2nd Edition (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ).Google Scholar
  20. Jung, C. G.: 1969b, Psychology and Religion: East and West – The Collected Works, Vol. 11, 2nd Edition (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London).Google Scholar
  21. Jung, C. G.: 1971, Psychological Types – The Collected Works (Routledge, London).Google Scholar
  22. Kelly, B.: 1998, ‘Preserving Moral Integrity: A Follow-up Study with New Graduate Nurses’, Journal of Advanced Nursing 28(5), 1134-1145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Krishnakumar, S. and Neck, C.P.: 2002, ‘The ‘What’, ‘Why’ and ‘How’ of Spirituality in the Workplace’, Journal of Managerial Psychology 17(3), 153-164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. La Bruyère, J.: 1688, Les Caractères, (Folio/Flammarion, Paris).Google Scholar
  25. Layder, D.: 2004, Social and Personal Identity: Understanding YourSelf, (Sage, London).Google Scholar
  26. Lovell, A.: 2002, ‘Moral Agency as Victim of the Vulnerability of Autonomy’, Business Ethics: A European Review 11(1), 62-76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. MacIntyre, A.: 1999, ‘Social Structures and their Threats to Moral Agency’, Philosophy 74, 311-329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mitchell, J.C. (2000) ‘Case and Situation Analysis’. In: Gomm R., Hammersley M., Foster P. (eds.) Case Study Method. Sage, London, pp. 165-186.Google Scholar
  29. Monte, C.F.: 1997, Beneath the Mask: An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th edition (Harcourt Brace, Forth Worth, TX).Google Scholar
  30. Moss, T. and Carr, T.: 2004, ‘Understanding Adjustment to Disfigurement: The Role of the Self-Concept’, Psychology and Health 19(6), 737-748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pajak, E.F. and Blase, J.J.: 1984, ‘Teachers in Bars: From Professional to Personal Self’, Sociology of Education 57(3), 164-173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Patton, M.Q.: 2002, Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods, 3rd edition (Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA).Google Scholar
  33. Pratt, M.G. and Foreman, P.O.: 2000, ‘Classifying Managerial Responses to Multiple Organizational Identities’, The Academy of Management Review 25(1), 18-42.Google Scholar
  34. Rousseau, J.-J.: 1761, La Nouvelle Héloïse (Garnier Flammarion, Paris).Google Scholar
  35. Rubin, H.J. and Rubin, I.S.: 2005, Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data, 2nd edition (Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA).Google Scholar
  36. Sharp, D.: 1991, ‘Jung Lexicon – A Primer of Terms & Concepts’, http://www.cgjungpage.org. Accessed 05/07/07.
  37. Showers, C.J. and Zeigler-Hill, V.: 2007, ‘Compartmentalization and Integration: The Evaluative Organization of Contextualized Selves’, Journal of Personality 75(6), 1181-1204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Terestchenko, M.: 2007, Un Si Fragile Vernis d’Humanité - Banalité du Mal, Banalité du Bien, (La Découverte/Poche, Paris).Google Scholar
  39. Terestchenko, M.: 2008, ‘On s’y habitue’, La Chronique 254, 15.Google Scholar
  40. Vice, S.: 2003, ‘Self-Reflection and the Worthwhile Life’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Reading, Reading, MA.Google Scholar
  41. Werhane, P.H.: 1999, Moral Imagination and Management Decision-Making, (Oxford University Press, New York, NY).Google Scholar
  42. White, S. L.: 1991, The Unity of the Self, (Bradford Book/MIT Press, Cambridge, MA).Google Scholar
  43. Willis, J.W.: 2007, Foundations of Qualitative Research - Interpretive and Critical Approaches, (Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA).Google Scholar
  44. Zsolnai, L.: 2004, ‘Spirituality and Management’, in L. Zsolnai (ed.), Spirituality and Ethics in Management, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht), pp. 3-12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Auckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations