Ethical Mindsets: An Australian Study
- 365 Downloads
The aim of this article is to define and delineate an ethical mindset. In deploying an interpretive mixed-methods analysis of the Australian services sector, data were collected through an online survey on 223 respondents followed by focus group interviews involving 20 participants. The analysis reveals evidence of ethical mindsets in Australian business context, the components of which are identified as being aesthetic judgment, spirituality, optimism, harmony and balance, contentment, truth telling, individual responsibility and professionalism. While the findings are limited to the Australian context, it illuminates the value of mindsets to business ethics in a way that has theoretical rigour and practical relevance. Research has so far only considered business ethics within other mindsets (e.g. global mindset). This article provides a foundation for further application and development of mindset theory.
Keywordsaesthetic judgment mindsets mixed-methods spirituality
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Arisian, K.: 1993, ‘Will Humanism Survive the Postmodern era? A Preface’, http://www.humanismtoday.org/vol8/. Retrieved 29 July 2005.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics: 2008, ‘Year Book Australia’. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.Google Scholar
- Barron, F.: 1990, ‘Creativity and Psychological Health’. (Buffalo, NY: Creative Education Foundation).Google Scholar
- Barron, F.: 1994, ‘No Rootless Flower Thoughts on an Ecology of Creativity’. (Creskill, NJ: Hampton Press).Google Scholar
- Begley, T. M. and D. P. Boyd: 2003, ‘The need for a Corporate Global Mind-set’, MIT Sloan Management Review 44(2), 25-33.Google Scholar
- Bhide, A. and H. H. Stevenson: 1990, ‘Why Be Honest If Honesty Doesn’t Pay’, Harvard Business Review September–October, 121–129.Google Scholar
- Cacioppe, R.: 2000a, ‘Creating spirit at work: re-visioning organization development and leadership - Part 1’, The Academy of Management Executive 21(1/2), 48-54.Google Scholar
- Cowton, C. J.: 2009, ‘Accounting and the ethics challenge: re-membering the professional body’, Accounting and Business Research 39(3), 177-189.Google Scholar
- Dean, J.: 2008, ‘Aesthetics and Ethics: The State of the Art’, http://www.aesthetics-online.org. Retrieved 15 Aug 2008.
- Deluga, R. J.: 1994, ‘Supervision trust building, leader-member exchange and organizational citizenship behaviour’, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 67(4), 315-326.Google Scholar
- Denise, T. C., N. P. White, and S. P. Peterfreund: 2008, ‘Great Traditions in Ethics’, (12th ed.). (Belmont, USA: Thomson Wadsworth).Google Scholar
- Dobson, J.: 2009, ‘Aesthetic Style as a Postructural Business Ethic’, Journal of Business Ethics First online (176). doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0228-4.
- Dumphy, D.: 2009, ‘In Search of the Future: Notes for Spiritual Adventurers’, in D. Bubna-Litic (ed.), Spirituality and Corporate Social Responsibility – Interpenetrating Worlds (Gower Applied Business Research, Surray), pp. 153–167.Google Scholar
- Dweck, C.: 2006, ‘Mindset, The New Psychology of Success’. (Los Angeles: Random House).Google Scholar
- Dweck, C.: 2006b, ‘Mindsets. Mindsetonline’, http://www.mindsetonline.com/. Retrieved 18 Feb 2008.
- Edwards, M.: 2004, ‘Good for Business: An Integral Theory Perspective on Spirituality in Organizations’, Spirituality Leadership and Management 1 (online).Google Scholar
- Field, A.: 2005, ‘Discovering Statistics Using SPSS’, (2nd ed.). (London: Sage Publication).Google Scholar
- Frederiksen, C. S.: 2009, ‘The Relation Between Policies Concerning Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Philosophical Moral Theories – An Empirical Investigation’, Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0226-6.
- Ghoshal, S.: 2005, ‘Bad Management Theories Are Destroying Good Management Practices’, Academy of Management Learning and Education 4(1), 75-91.Google Scholar
- Giacalone, R. A., and C. L. Jurkiewicz: 2003, ‘Toward a Science of Workplace Spirituality’. in R. A. Giacalone & C. L. Jurkiewicz (eds.), Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance (Ammonk, NY: ME. Sharpe Publishers), pp. 3-28.Google Scholar
- Gosling, J. and H. Mintzberg: 2003, ‘The Five Minds of a Manager’, Harvard Business Review 81(11), 54-63.Google Scholar
- Griffiths, J.: 2008, ‘Wellness Management Benchmarking Survey’, wellkom.com.au. Retrieved 7 Feb 2008.Google Scholar
- Gunn, B. and B. R. Gullickson: 2005, ‘Mind-Set’, Strategic Finance 87(3), 8.Google Scholar
- Gunther, M.: 2001, ‘God & Business’, Fortune 144(1), 58-80.Google Scholar
- Hair, J. F. J., R. E. Anderson, R. L. Tatham, and W. C. Black: 1998, ‘Multivariate Data Analysis’, (5th ed.). (New Jersey: Prentice Hall).Google Scholar
- Harrison, S.: 2003, ‘Book calls for return to ethical mindset’, Nursing Standard - Health & Medical Complete 18(5), 9.Google Scholar
- Karakas, F.: 2009, ‘New Paradigms in Organization Development: Positivity, Spirituality, and Complexity’, Organization Development Journal 27(1), 11-26.Google Scholar
- Karakas, F.: 2009b, ‘Spirituality and Performance in Organisations: A Literature Review’, Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0251-5.
- Lee, T.: 1999, ‘Using qualitative methods in organizational research’. (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).Google Scholar
- Loacker, B. and S. L. Muhr: 2009, ‘How Can I Become a Responsible Subject? Towards a Practice-Based Ethics of Responsiveness’, Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0041-0.
- Macher, K.: 2008, ‘The Soul’s Hunger’, Business Spirit Journal Online 34 (online).Google Scholar
- Mansueto, A. and M. Mansueto: 2005, ‘Spirituality and Dialectics’. (Oxford: Lexington Books).Google Scholar
- Melby, L.: 2008, ‘The Most Powerful Wealth Building Mindsets’, http://www.ministryofbiz.com. Retrieved 31 Jan 2008.
- Mellema, G.: 2003, ‘Responsibility, Taint, and Ethical Distance in Business Ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics 47, 125–132.Google Scholar
- Mishra, R. P.: 2008, ‘Indian Concepts of Values and Ethics’, http://www.centralchronicle.com/20080125/2501302.htm. Retrieved 29 Jan 2008.
- Mitroff, I. and E. Denton: 1988, ‘A Spiritual Audit of Corporate America: Multiple Designs for Fostering Spirituality in the Workplace’. (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass).Google Scholar
- Mitroff, I. I. and E. A. Denton: 1999, ‘A study of spirituality in the workplace’, MIT Sloan Management Review 40(4), 83-92.Google Scholar
- Mountain, V.: 2004, ‘Investigating the Meaning and Function of Prayer for Children in Selected Primary Schools in Melbourne Australia’, Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne.Google Scholar
- Post, S. G.: 2003, ‘Five Dimensions of Unlimited Love’, in PA Byrn Mawr (ed.), Unlimited Love: Altruism, Compassion, and Service (Metanexus Institute), Vol. 2008.Google Scholar
- Rumbold, B. D.: 2007, ‘A review of spiritual assessment in health care practice’, The Medical Journal 186(10 Suppl), S60-S62.Google Scholar
- Saraswati, S. N.: 2000, ‘Harmonizing Head, Heart and Hands’, Yoga Magazine, http://www.yogamag.net/archives/2001/2mar01/harmony.shtml. Retrieved 1 Nov 2005.
- Tashakkori, A. and C. Teddlie: 2009, ‘Foundations of Mixed Methods Research: Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences’. (Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications).Google Scholar
- Tateosian, L. G.: 2005, ‘Characterizing Aesthetic Visualizations’, Knowledge Discovery Lab, Department of Computer Science, North Carolina State University.Google Scholar
- Vasconcelos, A. F.: 2009, ‘Spiritual Development in Organizations: A Religious-Based Approach’, Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-009-0243-5.
- Weick, K. E.: 1995, ‘Sensemaking in Organizations’, (First ed.). (Thousand Oaks; London; New Delhi: Sage Publications).Google Scholar