Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 107–127 | Cite as

How the Perceptions of Five Dimensions of Corporate Citizenship and Their Inter-Inconsistencies Predict Affective Commitment

  • Arménio Rego
  • Susana Leal
  • Miguel P. Cunha
  • Jorge Faria
  • Carlos Pinho


Through a convenience sample of 260 employees, the study shows how employees’ perceptions about corporate citizenship (CC) predict their affective commitment. The study was carried out in Portugal, a high in-group and low societal collectivistic culture. Maignan et al.’s (1999, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science 27(4), 455–469) construct, including economic, legal, ethical, and discretionary responsibilities was used. The main findings are: (a) contrary to what has been presumed in the literature, the discretionary dimension includes two factors: CC toward employees and toward community; (b) perceptions of CC explain 35% of unique variance of affective commitment; (c) the best predictors are perceptions of economic and legal CC and, mainly, perceptions of discretionary CC toward employees; (d) the perceptions of discretionary CC toward employees are significantly better predictors of affective commitment than are perceptions of economic, ethical, and discretionary CC toward the community; (e) perceived inconsistency of the several CC dimensions is detrimental to employees’ affective commitment. The study questions the four-dimensional model of the CC construct as operationalized by Maignan et al., suggests that culture should be included as a moderating variable in future research, and stresses that affective commitment may decrease when employees perceive that their organizations act upon the several areas of CC inconsistently.


perceptions of corporate citizenship psychological climate affective commitment culture inconsistency between perceptions of corporate citizenship dimensions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arménio Rego
    • 1
  • Susana Leal
    • 2
  • Miguel P. Cunha
    • 3
  • Jorge Faria
    • 2
  • Carlos Pinho
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Politécnico de SantarémSantarémPortugal
  3. 3.Faculdade de Economia, Universidade Nova de LisboaLisboaPortugal

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