Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 413–425 | Cite as

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Ethical Orientations and Willingness to Sacrifice Ethical Standards: China Versus Peru

  • Christopher J. Robertson
  • Bradley J. Olson
  • K. Matthew Gilley
  • Yongjian Bao


Despite an increase in international business ethics research in recent years, the number of studies focused on Latin America and China has been deficient. As trade among Pacific Rim nations increases, an understanding of the ethical beliefs of the people in this region of the world will become increasingly important. In the current study 208 respondents from Peru and China are queried about their ethical ideologies, firm practices, and commitment to organizational performance. The empirical results reveal that Chinese workers are more relativistic and less idealistic than their Peruvian counterparts. One explanation for the disparity between these two groups is likely the variation in collectivism that can be traced to different levels of importance across ingroups and outgroups. In addition to a summary of the results, future research directions and managerial implications are discussed.


culture ethics Peru China 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Robertson
    • 1
  • Bradley J. Olson
    • 2
  • K. Matthew Gilley
    • 3
  • Yongjian Bao
    • 2
  1. 1.International Business, College of Business AdministrationNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.University of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada
  3. 3.Department of ManagementBill Greehey School of Business, St. Mary’s UniversitySan AntonioU.S.A.

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