Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 191–201 | Cite as

Value Congruence Awareness: Part 1. DNA Testing Sheds Light on Functionalism

  • Robert Isaac
  • L. Wilson
  • Douglas Pitt


This exploratory study examines awareness of the other party's instrumental, terminal, and work values by members of supervisor and employee dyads. Subjective estimates of value congruence, provided by either member of the dyad, correlated with actual value congruence scores determine conscious awareness levels in all cases. Results demonstrate supervisory awareness of employee terminal values, but not work values or instrumental values, even though these latter value types probably possess the greatest relevance to achieving organizational goals. Further, employees possess awareness of supervisor work values but not instrumental or terminal values. These findings challenge traditional assumptions underlying the functionalism position on organizational culture that appears in the literature most frequently read by practicing managers.

Value congruence Functionalism Organization culture Cultural schools 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Isaac
    • 1
  • L. Wilson
    • 1
  • Douglas Pitt
    • 2
  1. 1.Haskayne School of BusinessUniversity of CalgaryNWCanada
  2. 2.Office of the Dean,Faculty of CommerceUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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