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Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 166, Issue 1, pp 117–131 | Cite as

Functional importance of PP2A regulatory subunit loss in breast cancer

  • Lauren F. Watt
  • Nikita Panicker
  • Abdul Mannan
  • Ben Copeland
  • Richard G. S. Kahl
  • Matthew D. Dun
  • Barbara Young
  • Severine Roselli
  • Nicole M. Verrills
Preclinical study

Abstract

Purpose

Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a family of serine/threonine phosphatases that regulate multiple cellular signalling pathways involved in proliferation, survival and apoptosis. PP2A inhibition occurs in many cancers and is considered a tumour suppressor. Deletion/downregulation of PP2A genes has been observed in breast tumours, but the functional role of PP2A subunit loss in breast cancer has not been investigated.

Methods

PP2A subunit expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in human breast tumours, and by qPCR and immunoblotting in breast cancer cell lines. PP2A subunits were inhibited by shRNA, and mutant PP2A genes overexpressed, in MCF10A and MCF7 cells, and growth and signalling in standard and three-dimensional cultures were assessed.

Results

Expression of PP2A-Aα, PP2A-Bα and PP2A-B′α subunits was significantly lower in primary human breast tumours and lymph node metastases, compared to normal mammary tissue. PP2A-Aα and the regulatory subunits PP2A-Bα, -Bδ and -B′γ were also reduced in breast cancer cell lines compared to normal mammary epithelial cells. Functionally, shRNA-mediated knockdown of PP2A-Bα, -B′α and -B′γ, but not PP2A-Aα, induced hyper-proliferation and large multilobular acini in MCF10A 3D cultures, characterised by activation of ERK. Expression of a breast cancer-associated PP2A-A mutant, PP2A-Aα-E64G, which inhibits binding of regulatory subunits to the PP2A core, induced a similar hyper-proliferative phenotype. Knockdown of PP2A-Bα also induced hyper-proliferation in MCF7 breast cancer cells.

Conclusion

These results suggest that loss of specific PP2A regulatory subunits is functionally important in breast tumourigenesis, and support strategies to enhance PP2A activity as a therapeutic approach in breast cancer.

Keywords

Breast cancer PP2A MCF10A Tumour suppressor 3D culture Phosphatase 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Prof Stefan Strack for PP2A constructs, Prof Roger Daly for MCF10A cells, and Ms Helen Carpenter for technical assistance.

Grant support

This work was supported by grants from the Cure Cancer Australia Foundation, the Pink Frangipani Ball, the Cancer Council NSW and the Hunter Medical Research Institute. LW was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award, a University of Newcastle VC Award, and a Cancer Institute NSW Research Scholar Award. MDD and NMV were supported by Fellowships from the Cancer Institute NSW.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

the authors have no conflicts to declare.

Supplementary material

10549_2017_4403_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (10.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 10605 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lauren F. Watt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nikita Panicker
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdul Mannan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ben Copeland
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Richard G. S. Kahl
    • 1
    • 2
  • Matthew D. Dun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Barbara Young
    • 4
    • 5
  • Severine Roselli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nicole M. Verrills
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, and Priority Research Centre for Cancer Research, Innovation and TranslationUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  2. 2.Cancer Research ProgramHunter Medical Research InstituteNew LambtonAustralia
  3. 3.Beckman Research Institute, City of HopeDuarteUSA
  4. 4.Department Anatomical Pathology, Hunter Area Pathology Service (HAPS)John Hunter HospitalNew Lambton HeightsAustralia
  5. 5.Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

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