Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 117, Issue 1, pp 223–224 | Cite as

Sustained lower rates of breast cancer in the United States

  • Kathleen A. Cronin
  • Peter M. Ravdin
  • Brenda K. Edwards
Letter to the Editor


Breast Cancer Hormonal Therapy Hormone Replacement Therapy Screening Mammography Health Initiative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Ravdin PM, Cronin KA, Howlader N, Berg CD, Chlebowski RT, Feuer EJ, Edwards BK, Berry DA (2007) The decrease in breast-cancer incidence in 2003 in the United States. N Engl J Med 356(16):1670–1674. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsr070105 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program ( SEER*Stat Database: Incidence—SEER 9 Regs Limited-Use, Nov 2007 Sub (1973–2005) released April 2008, based on the November 2007 submission
  3. 3.
    Glass AG, Lacey JV Jr, Carreon JD, Hoover RN (2007) Breast cancer incidence, 1980–2006: combined roles of menopausal hormone therapy, screening mammography, and estrogen receptor status. J Natl Cancer Inst 99:1152–1161. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djm059 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Canfell K, Banks E, Moa AM, Beral V (2008) Decrease in breast cancer incidence following a rapid fall in use of hormone replacement therapy in Australia. Med J Aust 188(11):641–644PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heiss G, Wallace R, Anderson GL, Aragaki A, Beresford SA, Brzyski R et al (2008) Health risks and benefits 3 years after stopping randomized treatment with estrogen and progestin. JAMA 299:1036–1045. doi: 10.1001/jama.299.9.1036 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen A. Cronin
    • 1
  • Peter M. Ravdin
    • 2
  • Brenda K. Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cancer Control and Population SciencesNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsM.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations