Brain Topography

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 161–173 | Cite as

Parcellation of Macaque Cortex with Anatomical Connectivity Profiles

Original Paper


The macaque model has been widely used to investigate the brain mechanisms of specific cognitive functions and psychiatric disorders. However, a detailed functional architecture map of the macaque cortex in vivo is still lacking. Here, we aimed to construct a new macaque cortex atlas based on its anatomical connectivity profiles using in vivo diffusion MRI. First, we defined the macaque cortical seed areas using the NeuroMaps atlas. Then, we applied the anatomical connectivity patterns-based parcellation approach to parcellate the macaque cortex into 80 subareas in each hemisphere, which were approximately symmetric between the two hemispheres. In each hemisphere, we identified 14 subareas in the frontal cortex, 9 subareas in the somatosensory cortex, 13 subareas in the parietal cortex, 16 subareas in the temporal cortex, 16 subareas in the occipital cortex, and 12 subareas in the limbic system. Finally, the graph-based network analyses of the anatomical network based on newly constructed macaque cortex atlas identified seven hub areas including bilateral ventral premotor cortex, bilateral superior parietal lobule, right medial precentral gyrus, and right precuneus. This newly constructed macaque cortex atlas may facilitate studies of the structure and functions of the macaque brain in the future.


Macaque Cortex atlas Anatomical connectivity profiles Parcellation Hub 



This study was funded by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDB02030300, XDB02010001, XDB02050100), and the Natural Science Foundation of China (91132301, 91432302, 31500867, 91132302). The authors thank Rhoda E. and Edmund F. Perozzi for editing assistance.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10548_2017_576_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3088 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of the Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and TechnologyUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina
  2. 2.Brainnetome Center, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of BiophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Life Science and TechnologyKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina
  6. 6.CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Institute of AutomationChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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