Integrating TMS with EEG: How and What For?
- 698 Downloads
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a unique tool that utilizes magnetic fluxes to noninvasively stimulate the human cortex. Introduced in 1985 (Barker et al. 1985), it has developed into a powerful research device by virtue of its capacity to stimulate the brain with a relatively good spatial and temporal selectivity (Walsh and Cowey 2000), without the pain associated with transcranial electrical stimulation (TES), and with an excellent safety profile if appropriate guidelines are followed (Rossi et al. 2009). Guided by studies using brain imaging (e.g. functional MRI) that deliver evidence correlating brain activity with specific behaviors, TMS has been employed to induce transient “virtual lesions” in humans under controlled conditions, providing causal evidence linking activity in specific brain areas with behavior (Walsh and Pascual-Leone 2003). TMS is also being actively studied as a therapeutic technique for certain neuropsychiatric conditions (e.g. depression) via...
- Brodbeck V, Thut G, Spinelli L, Romei V, Tyrand R, Michel CM, Seeck M (2009) Effects of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on spike pattern and topography in patients with focal epilepsy. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0125-2
- Ilmoniemi RJ, Kičić D (2009) Methodology for combined TMS and EEG. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0123-4
- Johnson JS, Hamidi M, Postle BR (2009) Using EEG to explore how rTMS produces its effects on behavior. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0118-1
- Miniussi C, Thut G (2009) Combining TMS and EEG offers new prospects in cognitive neuroscience. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0083-8
- Rotenberg A (2009) Prospects for clinical applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation and real-time EEG in epilepsy. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0116-3
- Thut G, Pascual-Leone A (2009) A review of combined TMS-EEG studies to characterize lasting effects of repetitive TMS and assess their usefulness in cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0115-4
- Walsh V, Pascual-Leone A (2003) Transcranial magnetic stimulation: a neurochronometrics of mind. Mit Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
- Zanon M, Busan P, Monti F, Pizzolato G, Battaglini PP (2009) Cortical connections between dorsal and ventral visual streams in humans: evidence by TMS/EEG co-registration. Brain Topogr. doi: 10.1007/s10548-009-0103-8