Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 145, Issue 2, pp 329–349 | Cite as

A Method for Increasing the Turbulent Kinetic Energy in the Mellor–Yamada–Janjić Boundary-Layer Parametrization

  • Richard J. Foreman
  • Stefan Emeis


A method for enhancing the calculation of turbulent kinetic energy in the Mellor–Yamada–Janjić planetary boundary-layer parametrization in the Weather Research and Forecasting numerical model is presented. This requires some unconventional selections for the closure constants and an additional stability dependent surface length scale. Single column model and three-dimensional model simulations are presented showing a similar performance with the existing boundary-layer parametrization, but with a more realistic magnitude of turbulence intensity closer to the surface with respect to observations. The intended application is an enhanced calculation of turbulence intensity for the purposes of a more accurate wind-energy forecast.


Boundary-layer parametrization Mellor–Yamada–Janjić scheme Turbulence closure Turbulence intensity Turbulent kinetic energy Weather Research and Forecasting model Wind energy forecasting 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Meteorology and Climate ResearchKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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