New Approaches in Two-equation Turbulence Modelling for Atmospheric Applications
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The turbulence closure in atmospheric boundary-layer modelling utilizing Reynolds Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations at mesoscale as well as at local scale is lacking today a common approach. The standard kɛ model, although it has been successful for local scale problems especially in neutral conditions, is deficient for mesoscale flows without modifications. The k–ɛ model is re-examined and a new general approach in developing two-equation turbulence models is proposed with the aim of improving their reliability and consequently their range of applicability. This exercise has led to the replacement of the ɛ-transport equation by the transport equation for the turbulence inverse length scale (wavenumber). The present version of the model is restricted to neutrally stratified flows but applicable to both local scale and mesoscale flows. The model capabilities are demonstrated by application to a series of one-dimensional planetary boundary-layer problems and a two-dimensional flow over a square obstacle. For those applications, the present model gave considerably better results than the standard k–ɛ model.
KeywordsCFD modelling Eddy viscosity Local scale Mesoscale Turbulence closure Turbulent length scale
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