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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 70, Issue 11, pp 1199–1211 | Cite as

Glutathione in Bacteria

  • G. V. Smirnova
  • O. N. Oktyabrsky
Review

Abstract

Glutathione metabolism and its role in vital functions of bacterial cells are considered, as well as common features and differences between the functions of glutathione in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Particular attention is given to the recent data for the role of glutathione in bacterial redox-regulation and adaptation to stresses.

Key words

glutathione bacteria redox-regulation stresses 

Abbreviations

GSH

reduced glutathione

GSSG

oxidized glutathione

GOR

glutathione oxidoreductase

CoA

coenzyme A

Grx

glutaredoxin

Dsb

periplasmic redox proteins

NEM

N-ethylmaleimide

GST

glutathione S-transferase

Msc

mechanosensitive ion channels

PcpC

tetrachloro-p-hydroquinone dehydrogenase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

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Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Microorganisms, Ural DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesPermRussia

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