Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 347–360 | Cite as

Cultural transmission and social control of human behavior

  • Laureano Castro
  • Luis Castro-Nogueira
  • Miguel A. Castro-Nogueira
  • Miguel A. Toro


Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during ontogeny, the evaluative communication (approval/disapproval) between parents and offspring is substituted by other evaluative communications among peers, like individuals of the same generation. Each person belongs to a reference social group with individuals that interact more intensively. Humans have developed psychological mechanisms that enable cultural transmission by being receptive to parental advice as well as their reference social group. The selective pressure that promoted these new evaluative interactions arose to facilitate the establishment of efficient cooperative relationships. In short, the social control of behavior is essential to understand human cultural transmission.


Cultural evolution Assessor Homo suadens Social learning 



We are grateful to Morris Villarroel for his helpful assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laureano Castro
    • 1
  • Luis Castro-Nogueira
    • 2
  • Miguel A. Castro-Nogueira
    • 2
  • Miguel A. Toro
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro Asociado de MadridUNEDMadridSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, Departamento de Sociología IUNEDMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Producción Animal, ETS Ingenieros AgrónomosCiudad UniversitariaMadridSpain

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