Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 315–320 | Cite as

Effect of salicylic acid pretreatment on cadmium toxicity in wheat

  • H. R. Moussa
  • S. M. El-Gamal
Original Papers


Cadmium (100, 400 and 1000 μM CdCl2) treatments resulted in the inhibition of root dry biomass, root elongation and increased Cd accumulation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots. Further, these treatments decreased relative water content, chlorophyll content, 14CO2-fixation, activities of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and abscisic acid content while increased malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide and free proline contents. Chloroplast and root ultrastructure was also changed. Pretreatment of seeds with SA (500 μM) for 20 h resulted in amelioration of these effects.

Additional key words

abscisic acid chlorophyll chloroplast 14CO2-fixation H2O2 PEPC proline RuBPC Triticum aestivum 





phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase


ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase


relative water content


salicylic acid


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radioisotope DepartmentAtomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Agriculture Botany Department, Faculty of AgricultureMonofya UniversityMonofyaEgypt

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