Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 195–200 | Cite as

The relationship between vernalization requirement and frost tolerance in substitution lines of wheat

  • I. T. Prášil
  • P. Prášilová
  • K. Pánková


Two sets of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) substitution lines for the homoeologous group 5 chromosomes, 5A, 5B and 5D, carrying vernalization genes (Vrn-A1, Vrn-B1, Vrn-D1) were used to study the relationship between vernalization requirement and winter survival, with respect to the induction and maintenance of frost tolerance. Substitution lines carrying dominant Vrn loci substituted from the spring cultivars Zlatka (5A), Chinese Spring (5D) and the alternative cultivar Česká Přesívka (5B) into three different winter wheat backgrounds, Vala, Košútka and Zdar, showed lower winter survival by 20, 36, and 41 % for substitutions of 5B, 5A and 5D, respectively, compared to the original winter cultivars. Reciprocal substitution lines between two winter cultivars Mironovskaya 808 and Bezostaya 1 carrying different recessive alleles, vrn-A1, vrn-B1, vrn-D1, did not exhibit a modified induction of frost tolerance, but the duration of good frost tolerance, as well as the ability to survive the whole winter, was changed. In accordance with the model suggesting that genes for vernalization act as a master switch regulating the duration of frost tolerance, substitutions of homoeologous group 5 chromosomes induced, at first, frost tolerance at a level equal to the parental cultivar, and then, relative to the different extent of saturation of vernalization requirement, they gradually lost both frost tolerance and their ability to re-induce significant frost tolerance with a drop in temperature following warm periods in the winter.

Additional key words

growth habit heading winter survival freezing group 5 chromosomes Triticum aestivum L. 



frost resistance genes


frost tolerance


lethal temperature


vernalization genes


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. T. Prášil
    • 1
  • P. Prášilová
    • 1
  • K. Pánková
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Crop ProductionDepartment of Genetics and Plant BreedingPrahaCzech Republic

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