, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1105–1112 | Cite as

Genome-wide transcriptome analysis of the adaptive response of Enterococcus faecalis to copper exposure

  • Angélica Reyes-Jara
  • Mauricio Latorre
  • Guadalupe López
  • Agathe Bourgogne
  • Barbara E. Murray
  • Verónica Cambiazo
  • Mauricio González


In this work we investigated the adaptive response of E. faecalis to Cu and the role of CopY, a Cu-dependent repressor, in the regulation of Cu metabolism. In doing so, we examined the whole-genome transcriptional response of E. faecalis wild-type (WT) and a ΔcopY strain exposed to non-toxic Cu excess. The results indicated that after Cu exposure, most of the genes that displayed a significant change in their expression levels in the WT strain (135 of the 145 up-regulated genes and 115 of the 142 down-regulated genes) were also differentially expressed in the E. faecalis ΔcopY strain. This extensive overlap in the transcriptional response, suggested that additional transcription factors mediate the response of E. faecalis to Cu. As a first step to analyze this possibility, we selected among the up-regulated genes five genes encoding putative transcriptional regulators and determined their expression levels at different times after Cu exposure. The temporal expression of these regulators was different from that of copY, which reached its maximum at the earliest time measured. Nevertheless, transcription elongation factor GreA, and members of Rrf2, Cro/CI and SorC/DeoR transcription factor families were induced shortly after Cu exposure, suggesting that these proteins are able to complement the role of CopY in the regulatory network activated by Cu. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the global transcriptional response to Cu in a member of this taxonomic group.


E. faecalis Copper homeostasis Global gene expression Real-time RT-PCR CopY 



This work was supported by grants Basal-CMM, Fondecyt 1071083 and 1090211 and Fondef D04I1257. AR-J was recipients of an ‘A. Steckel’ fellowship from INTA and MAL is a recipient of doctoral fellowship from Conicyt. The authors thank Arely González and Andres Aravena for COGs assignments and manual revision of V583 genome.

Supplementary material

10534_2010_9356_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (154 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 154 kb)
10534_2010_9356_MOESM2_ESM.xls (104 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 103 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angélica Reyes-Jara
    • 1
  • Mauricio Latorre
    • 1
  • Guadalupe López
    • 1
  • Agathe Bourgogne
    • 2
  • Barbara E. Murray
    • 2
  • Verónica Cambiazo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mauricio González
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Bioinformática y Expresión Génica, INTAUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineUniversity of Texas Medical SchoolHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Millennium Nucleus Center for Genomics of the Cell (CGC)SantiagoChile
  4. 4.Laboratorio de Bioinformática y Matemáticas del Genoma, Centro de Modelamiento Matemático (UMI 2807, CNRS), Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y MatemáticasUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile

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