Exposure to lanthanum compound diminishes LPS-induced inflammation-associated gene expression: involvements of PKC and NF-κB signaling pathways
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Lanthanum chloride, a rare earth compound, possesses antibacterial and cellular immunity regulating properties. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we examined the effects of lanthanum chloride on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and TNF-α in RAW 264.7 cells, a mouse macrophage cell line. We found that the LPS-elicited excessive production of NO and TNF-α in RAW 264.7 cells was inhibited significantly in the presence of lanthanum chloride, and the attenuation of iNOS and TNF-α occurred at mRNA level. Furthermore, the possible signaling components affected by lanthanum chloride in the pathway that lead to LPS-induced iNOS and TNF-α expression were explored. The results indicated the involvements of PKC/Ca2+ and NF-κB in the attenuation of NO and pro-inflammatory cytokine production by lanthanum chloride. Our observations suggest a possible therapeutic application of this agent for treating inflammatory diseases.
KeywordsLanthanum chloride Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) Nuclear factor-κ B (NF-κ B) Protein kinase C (PKC)
The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30660182, 30960405), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (2007GZY1132) and Program for Innovative Research Team of Nanchang University.
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