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Simultaneous removal of hexavalent chromium and o-dichlorobenzene by isolated Serratia marcescens ZD-9

Abstract

Heavy metals–organics mixture pollution is increasingly concerned and simultaneous removal of organic pollutants and heavy metals is becoming significant. In this study, a strain was isolated from the sediment of a tannery effluent outfalls, which can remove o-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB) and Cr(VI) simultaneously. The bacterial isolate was identified as Serratia marcescens by the 16S rRNA gene sequences. The strain removed about 90% of o-DCB and more than 80% of Cr(VI) at the concentration of 1.29 g L−1 o-DCB and 20 mg L−1 Cr(VI). In the presence of concomitant pollutant o-DCB, the optimal pH (8.0) and temperature (30 °C) were determined for Cr(VI) removal. Changes of the bacterial cells and intracellular black Cr(III) sediments were observed by the TEM auxiliary analysis. The results of the FTIR spectroscopy analysis indicated that hydroxyl, amide and polysaccharides were involved in the process of Cr(VI) removal.

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Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the Key Research and Development Program of Hunan Province (No. 2018SK2047), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51521006).

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Correspondence to Weihua Xu.

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Xu, W., Duan, G., Liu, Y. et al. Simultaneous removal of hexavalent chromium and o-dichlorobenzene by isolated Serratia marcescens ZD-9. Biodegradation 29, 605–616 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10532-018-9856-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10532-018-9856-7

Keywords

  • Simultaneous bioremediation
  • Mixture pollution
  • Cr(VI) removal
  • o-Dichlorobenze degradation
  • Serratia marcescens