Dehydration of the off-flavor chemical 2-methylisoborneol by the R-limonene-degrading bacteria Pseudomonas sp. strain 19-rlim and Sphingomonas sp. strain BIR2-rlima
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The terpene 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), a major cause of off-flavor in farm-raised catfish and drinking water, is transformed by various different terpene-degrading bacteria. Two of these, the R-limonene-degrading strains Pseudomonas sp. 19-rlim and Sphingomonas sp. BIR2-rlima, dehydrated MIB with the formation of odorless metabolites 2-methylenebornane and 4-methylcamphene. These metabolites which have a structural resemblance to camphor, could be further transformed by camphor-degrading bacteria to more oxidized products. The bacterial dehydrations demonstrated here may have application in removing MIB where it is a problem.
Keywords2-Methylisoborneol Dehydration R-limonene Pseudomonas Sphingomonas Biotransformation
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