Advertisement

Biodegradation

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 345–356 | Cite as

Optimization and enhancement of soil bioremediation by composting using the experimental design technique

  • Tahseen Sayara
  • Montserrat Sarrà
  • Antoni Sánchez
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was the application of the experimental design technique to optimize the conditions for the bioremediation of contaminated soil by means of composting. A low-cost material such as compost from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste as amendment and pyrene as model pollutant were used. The effect of three factors was considered: pollutant concentration (0.1–2 g/kg), soil:compost mixing ratio (1:0.5–1:2 w/w) and compost stability measured as respiration index (0.78, 2.69 and 4.52 mg O2 g−1 Organic Matter h−1). Stable compost permitted to achieve an almost complete degradation of pyrene in a short time (10 days). Results indicated that compost stability is a key parameter to optimize PAHs biodegradation. A factor analysis indicated that the optimal conditions for bioremediation after 10, 20 and 30 days of process were (1.4, 0.78, 1:1.4), (1.4, 2.18. 1:1.3) and (1.3, 2.18, 1:1.3) for concentration (g/kg), compost stability (mg O2 g−1 Organic Matter h−1) and soil:compost mixing ratio, respectively.

Keywords

Soil bioremediation Compost stability Experimental design Pyrene Municipal solid waste 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support was provided by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Project CTM2006-00315/TECNO). T. Sayara thanks Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID) for a pre-doctoral scholarship.

References

  1. Anastasi A, Coppola T, Prigione V, Varese GG (2009) Pyrene degradation and detoxification in soil by a consortium of basidiomycetes isolated from compost: role of laccases and peroxidases. J Hazard Mater 165:1229–1233CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Antizar-Ladislao B, Lopez-Real JM, Beck AJ (2004) Bioremediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated waste using composting approaches. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 34:249–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antizar-Ladislao B, Lopez-Real J, Beck AJ (2006) Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in an aged coal-tar contaminated soil under in-vessel composting conditions. Environ Pollut 141:459–468CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Barrena R, Cánovas C, Sánchez A (2006) Prediction of temperature and thermal inertia effect in the maturation stage and stockpiling of a large composting mass. Waste Manage 26:953–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barrena R, d’Imporzano G, Ponsá S, Gea T, Artola A, Vázquez F, Sánchez A, Adani F (2009) In search of a reliable technique for the determination of the biological stability of the organic matter in the mechanical-biological treated waste. J Hazard Mater 162:1065–1072CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Beaudin N, Caron RF, Legros R, Ramsay J, Lalor L, Ramsay B (1996) Composting of weathered hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Compost Sci Util 4:37–45Google Scholar
  7. Bento FM, Camargo FAO, Okeke BC, Frankenberger WT (2005) Comparative bioremediation of soils contaminated with diesel oil by natural attenuation, biostimulation and bioaugmentation. Bioresour Technol 96:1049–1055CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Boopathy R (2000) Factors limiting bioremediation technologies. Bioresour Technol 74:63–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cayuela ML, Sinicco T, Mondini C (2009) Mineralization dynamics and biochemical properties during initial decomposition of plant and animal residues in soil. Appl Soil Ecol 41:118–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cerniglia CE (1992) Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Biodegradation 3:351–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chang BV, Lu YS, Yuan SY, Tsao TM, Wang MK (2009) Biodegradation of phthalate esters in compost-amended soil. Chemosphere 74:873–877CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cookson JT (1995) Bioremediation engineering design and application. McGraw-Hill, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  13. Delgado-Moreno L, Peña A, Mingorance MD (2009) Design of experiments in environmental chemistry studies: example of the extraction of triazine from soil after olive cake amendment. J Hazard Mater 162:1121–1128CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Deming SN, Morgan SL (1987) Experimental design: a chemometric approach. Data handling in science and technology, vol 3. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  15. Gourlay C, Tusseau-Vuillemin MH, Garric J, Mouchel JM (2003) Effect of dissolved organic matter of various origins and biodegradability on the bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Daphnia magna. Environ Toxicol Chem 22:288–1294Google Scholar
  16. Haderlein A, Legros R, Ramsay BA (2006) Pyrene mineralization capacity increased with compost maturity. Biodegradation 17:293–302CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Harrison RM (2001) Pollution: causes, effects and control, 4th edn. The Royal Society of Chemistry, BirminghamGoogle Scholar
  18. Hesnawi RM, McCartney D (2006) Impact of compost amendments and operating temperature on diesel fuel bioremediation. Environ Eng Sci 5:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. In BH, Park JS, Namkoong W, Kim JD, Ko BI (2007) Effect of sewage sludge mixing ratio on composting of TNT-contaminated soil. Ind Eng Chem Res 13:190–197Google Scholar
  20. Janzen RA, Xing B, Gomez CC, Salloum MJ, Drijber RA, McGill WB (1996) Compost extract enhances desorption of α-naphtol and naphthalene from pristine and contaminated soil. Soil Biol Biochem 28:1089–1098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Johnson AR, Wick LY, Harms H (2005) Principles of microbial PAH-degradation in soil. Environ Pollut 133:71–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. JØrgensen KS, Puustinen J, Suortti AM (2000) Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil by composting in biopiles. Environ Pollut 107:245–254CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Laor Y, Strom PF, Farmer WJ (1999) Bioavailability of phenanthrene sorbed to mineral-associated humic acid. Water Resour 33:1719–1729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee S, Oh B, Kim J (2008) Effect of various amendments on heavy mineral oil bioremediation and soil microbial activity. Bioresour Technol 99:2578–2587CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Marín JA, Hernández T, García C (2005) Bioremediation of oil refinery sludge by landfarming in semiarid conditions: influence on soil microbial activity. Environ Res 98:185–195CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Mihial DJ, Viraraghavan T, Jin Y-C (2006) Bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil using composting. Pract Period Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste Manag 10:108–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Namkoong W, Hwang EY, Park JS, Choi JY (2002) Bioremediation of diesel-contaminated soil with composting. Environ Pollut 119:23–31CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Ohura T, Amagai T, Fusaya M, Matsushita H (2004) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in indoor and outdoor environments and factors affecting their concentrations. Environ Sci Technol 38:77–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Oleszczuk P (2007) Investigation of potentially bioavailable and sequestrated forms of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during sewage sludge composting. Chemosphere 70:288–297CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Pignatello JJ, Xing B (1996) Mechanics of slow sorption of organic chemicals to natural particles. Environ Sci Technol 30:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Plaza C, Xing B, Fernández JM, Senesi N, Polo A (2009) Binding of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by humic acids formed during composting. Environ Pollut 157:257–263CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Ponsá S, Gea T, Alerm L, Cerezo J, Sánchez A (2008) Comparison of aerobic and anaerobic stability indices through a MSW biological treatment process. Waste Manage 28:2735–2742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Potter CL, Glaser JA, Hermann R, Dosani MA (1999) Remediation of contaminated east river sediment by composting technology. In: Leeson A, Alleman BC (eds) Bioremediation technologies for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds. The fifth international in situ and on-site bioremediation symposium. Battelle Press, Columbus, pp 31–36Google Scholar
  34. Quadri G, Chen X, Jawitz JW, Tambone F, Genevini P, Faoro F, Adani F (2008) Biobased surfactant-like molecules from organic wastes: the effect of waste composition and composting process on surfactant properties and on the ability to solubilize Tetrachloroethene (PCE). Environ Sci Technol 42:2618–2623CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Rigas F, Dritsa V, Marchan R, Papdopoulou K, Avramids EJ, Hatzianestis I (2005) Biodegradation of lindane by Pleurotus Ostreatus via central composite design. Environ Int 31:191–196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Romantschuk M, Sarand I, Petänen T, Peltola R, Jonsson-Vihanne M, Koivula T, Yrjälä K, Haahtela K (2000) Means to improve the effect of in situ bioremediation of contaminated soil: an overview of novel approaches. Environ Pollut 107:179–185CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Ruggieri L, Gea T, Mompeó M, Sayara T, Sánchez A (2008) Performance of different systems for the composting of the source-selected organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Biosyst Eng 101:78–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ruggieri L, Gea T, Artola A, Sánchez A (2009) Air filled porosity measurements by air pycnometry in the composting process: a review and a correlation analysis. Bioresour Technol 100:2655–2666CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Said-Pullicino D, Gigliotti G (2007) Oxidative biodegradation of dissolved organic matter during composting. Chemosphere 68:1030–1040CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Sánchez A, Valero F, Lafuente J, Solà C (2000) Highly enantioselective esterification of racemic ibuprofen in a packed bed reactor using immobilized Rhizomucor miehei lipase. Enzyme Microb Technol 27:157–166CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Semple KT, Reid BJ, Fermor TR (2001) Impact of composting strategies on the treatment of soils contaminated with organic pollutants. Environ Pollut 112:269–283CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Senesi N, Plaza C, Brunetti G, Polo A (2007) A comparative survey of recent results on humic-like fractions in organic amendments and effects on native soil humic substances. Soil Biol Biochem 39:1244–1262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Serrano Silva I, dos Santos E, de Menezes CR, Fonseca de Faria A, Franciscon E, Grossman M, Durrant LR (2009) Bioremediation of a polyaromatic hydrocarbon contaminated soil by native soil microbiota and bioaugmentation with isolated microbial consortia. Bioresour Technol 100:4669–4675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tejada M, González JL, Hernández MT, García C (2008) Application of different organic amendments in a gasoline contaminated soil: effect on soil microbial properties. Bioresour Technol 99:2872–2880CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. The US Department of Agriculture, The US Composting Council (2001) Test methods for the examination of composting and compost. Edaphos International, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  46. Thomas JM, Ward CH, Raymond RL, Wilson JT, Loehr RC (1992) Bioremediation. Encyclopaedia of microbiology. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  47. Vieira P, Faria S, Vieira R, França F, Cardoso V (2009) Statistical analysis and optimization of nitrogen, phosphorus, and inoculum concentrations for the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons by response surface methodology. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25:427–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wan CK, Wong JWC, Fang M, Ye DY (2003) Effect of organic waste amendments on degradation of PAHs in soil using thermophilic composting. Environ Technol 24:23–30CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Wilson SC, Jones KJ (1993) Bioremediation of soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): a review. Environ Pollut 81:229–249CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahseen Sayara
    • 1
  • Montserrat Sarrà
    • 1
  • Antoni Sánchez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria, Edifici QUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations