Efficacy of bacterial consortium-AIE2 for contemporaneous Cr(VI) and azo dye bioremediation in batch and continuous bioreactor systems, monitoring steady-state bacterial dynamics using qPCR assays
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Bacterial consortium-AIE2 with a capability of contemporaneous Cr(VI) reduction and azo dye RV5 decolourization was developed from industrial wastewaters by enrichment culture technique. The 16S rRNA gene based molecular analyses revealed that the consortium bacterial community structure consisted of four bacterial strains namely, Alcaligenes sp. DMA, Bacillus sp. DMB, Stenotrophomonas sp. DMS and Enterococcus sp. DME. Cumulative mechanism of Cr(VI) reduction by the consortium was determined using in vitro Cr(VI) reduction assays. Similarly, the complete degradation of Reactive Violet 5 (RV5) dye was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopic analysis. Consortium-AIE2 exhibited simultaneous bioremediation efficiencies of (97.8 ± 1.4) % and (74.1 ± 1.2) % in treatment of both 50 mg l−1 Cr(VI) and RV5 dye concentrations within 48 h of incubation at pH 7 and 37°C in batch systems. Continuous bioreactor systems achieved simultaneous bioremediation efficiencies of (98.4 ± 1.5) % and (97.5 ± 1.4) % after the onset of steady-state at 50 mg l−1 input Cr(VI) and 25 mg l−1 input RV5 concentrations, respectively, at medium dilution rate (D) of 0.014 h−1. The 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in the continuous bioreactor as determined by real-time PCR assay indicated that Alcaligenes sp. DMA and Bacillus sp. DMB dominated consortium bacterial community during the active continuous bioremediation process.
KeywordsBacterial consortium Biodegradation Azo dye Cr(VI) Real-time PCR FTIR
We are thankful to Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India for providing financial grants. We thank Dr. C. J. Joshi, AAU, Gujarat, India for kindly extending technical help and facilities for Real Time-PCR analysis. Endeavour-India Research Fellowship awarded to Dr. Desai by the Australian Government Department of Education Science and Training (DEST) is gratefully acknowledged.
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