Advertisement

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1403–1418 | Cite as

Too much, too fast, too complex or too strange? Asymmetric sequences in public opinion regarding biodiversity conservation in Island social-ecological setups

  • Andreas Y. Troumbis
  • Maria N. Hatziantoniou
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biodiversity appreciation and engagement

Abstract

Ecological modernization projects are crucial drivers for transforming economies and territorial policies in small scale islands. Social factors and public behavior are determinants for successful implementation of this transition strategy that refers to several domains in parallel, e.g., energy transition, biodiversity conservation, environmentally friendly agri-culture and green-services sector. In this paper, we propose a technique to ordinate and plot combined values-choices of individuals in a 4 phase/2D plane regarding the implementation of ecological modernization policies organized around four traits, i.e., speed and quantity of the process, organizational complexity and governance origin of a project. Results are intriguing. Arrangements of combined individual choices appear with a main sequence corresponding to the fatalist anthropological rationality category according to Douglas’ model of polyrationalities. There are differences between public quantitative and qualitative evaluations of specific projects; these differences are maximized when conservation plans are confronted to specific energy facilities. We propose the idea that this technique could be an instrument for scrutinizing public engagement with- and appreciation of—biodiversity conservation in the emerging field of culturomics.

Keywords

Ecological modernization Transition Lesbos (or Lesvos) Island Biodiversity conservation Energy transition Implementation 

References

  1. Andrew L, Arndt D, Beristain N, Cass T, Clow L, Colmenares B, Damm K, Hatcher R, Jackson N, Pasquesi W, Chamberlain-Pham N, Pryd JA, Rund T, Russell G, Ryle C, Schmidt T, Sigan S, Sinkus K, Sneyd K, Strode J, Wallen C, McCallum ML (2016) Changes in United States’ citizens’ interest in sustainability. Life Excit Biol 4(3):138–164Google Scholar
  2. Apostolopoulou E, Adams WM (2014) Neo-liberal capitalism and conservation in the post-crisis era: the dialectics of “green” and “un-green” grabbing in Greece and the UK. Antipode 47(1):15–35.  https://doi.org/10.1111/anti.12102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asgary A, Levy J (2009) A Review of the implications of prospect theory for natural hazards and disaster planning. Int J Environ Res 3(3):379–394Google Scholar
  4. Bennett NJ, Roth R, Klain SC, Chan K, Christie P, Clark DA, Cullman G, Curran D, Durbini TJ, Epstein G, Greenberg A, Nelson MP, Sandlos J, Stedman R, Teel TL, Thomas R, Veríssimo D, Wyborn C (2017a) Conservation social science: understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve conservation. Biol Conserv 205:93–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bennett NJ, Roth R, Klain SC, Chan KMA, Clark DA, Cullman G, Epstein G, Nelson MP, Stedman R, Teel TL, Thomas REW, Wyborn C, Curran D, Greenberg A, Sandlos J, Veríssimo D (2017b) Mainstreaming the social sciences in conservation. Conserv Biol 31:56–66PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blicharska M, Orlikowska EH, Roberge J-M, Grodzinska-Jurczak M (2016) Contribution of social science to large scale biodiversity conservation: a review of research about the Natura 2000 network. Biol Conserv 199:110–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Botetzagias I, Malesios C, Kolokotroni A, Moysiadis Y (2015) The role of NIMBY in opposing the siting of wind farms: evidence from Greece. J Environ Plan Manage 58(2):229–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bridge G, Bouzarovski S, Bradshaw M, Eyre N (2013) Geographies of energy transition: space, place and the low-carbon economy. Energy Policy 53:331–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Buttel FH (2000) Ecological modernization as social theory. Geoforum 31:57–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chatziefstathiou M, Spilanis I, Charalambous A (2005) Sustainable development of island regions and the role of aquaculture. In: Proceedings of 1st International Conference for Environmental Management, Policy and Technology, Nicosia, Cyprus, EU. http://www1.aegean.gr/lid/internet/elliniki_ekdosi/Dimosieuseis/Chatziefstathiou.cyprus.paper.PDF
  11. Chester CC, Moomaw WR (2008) A taxonomy of collaborative governance: a guide to understanding the diversity of international and domestic conservation accords. Int Environ Agreem 8:187–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clausen R, York R (2008) Global biodiversity decline of marine and freshwater fish: a cross-national analysis of economic, demographic, and ecological influences. Soc Sci Res 37:1310–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Correia RA, Jepson P, Malhado ACM, Ladle RJ (2017) Internet scientific name frequency as an indicator of cultural salience of biodiversity. Ecol Ind 78:549–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davy B (2008) Plan it without a Condom! Plan Theory 7(3):301–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dear M (1992) Understanding and overcoming the NIMBY syndrome. Journal of the American Planning Association 58(3):288–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Devine-Wright P (2005) Beyond NIMBYism: towards an integrated framework for understanding public perceptions of wind energy. Wind Energy 8(2):125–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Diaz S, Demissew S, Carabias J, Joly C, Lonsdale M, Ash N, Larigauderie A, Adhikari JR, Arico S, Baldi A, Bartuska A, Baste IA, Bilgin A, Brondizio E, Chan KMA, Figueroa VE, Duraiappah A, Fischer M, Hill R, Koetz T, Leadley P, Lyver P, Mace GM, Martin-Lopez B, Okumura M, Pacheco D, Pascual U, Perez ES, Reyers B, Roth E, Saito O, Scholes RJ, Sharma N, Tallis H, Thaman R, Watson R, Yahara T, Hamid ZA, Akosim C, Al-Hafedh Y, Allahverdiyev R, Amankwah E, Asah ST, Asfaw Z, Bartus G, Brooks LA, Caillaux J, Dalle G, Darnaedi D, Driver A, Erpul G, Escobar-Eyzaguirre P, Failler P, Fouda AMM, Fu B, Gundimeda H, Hashimoto S, Homer F, Lavorel S, Lichtenstein G, Mala WA, Mandivenyi W, Matczak P, Mbizvo C, Mehrdadi M, Metzger JP, Mikissa JB, Moller H, Mooney HA, Mumby P, Nagendra H, Nesshover C, Oteng-Yeboah AA, Pataki G, Roue M, Rubis J, Schultz M, Smith P, Sumaila R, Takeuchi K, Thomas S, Verma M, Yeo-Chang Y, Zlatanova D (2015) The IPBES conceptual framework—connecting nature and people. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 14(1):1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dietz S, Adger WN (2003) Economic growth, biodiversity loss and conservation effort. J Environ Manage 68:23–35PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Douglas M (1994) Risk and blame: essays in cultural theory. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Douglas M, Wildavsky A (1983) Risk and culture: an essay on the selection of technical and environmental dangers. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  21. Eurobarometer (Standard, Flash or Special) (1974–today). http://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm
  22. European Commission (2016) Next steps for a sustainable European future: action for sustainability. COM(2016) 390. https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/communication-next-steps-sustainable-europe-20161122_en.pdf
  23. European Commission (2017) Second report on the State of the Energy Union. COM (2017) 53. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/2nd-report-state-energy-union_en.pdf
  24. Farley J (2008) The role of prices in conserving critical natural capital. Conserv Biol 22:1399–1408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gipe P (1995) Wind energy comes of age. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Hajer M (1995) The politics of environmental discourse. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Harmgart H, Huck S, Müller M (2006) Tannhäuser’s dilemma: a study in rational choice hermeneutics. http://else.econ.ucl.ac.uk/papers/uploaded/237.pdf
  28. Hatziantoniou M (2001) In: Fadeeva Z, Halme M (eds) Empost-net: emerging paradigm of sustainable tourism—a network perspective. The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics. ISSN: 1650–1675. http://lup.lub.lu.se/record/525790
  29. Herman R, Montroll EW (1972) A manner of characterizing the development of Nations. PNAS 69(10):3019–3023PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Hooper D, Coughlan J, Mullen MR (2008) Structural equation modelling: guidelines for determining model fit. Electron J Bus Res Methods 6(1):53–60Google Scholar
  31. Jenssen T (2010) The good, the bad, and the ugly: acceptance and opposition as keys to bioenergy technologies. J Urban Technol 17(2):99–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jepson P, Canney S (2003) Values-led conservation. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 12:271–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kaldellis JK (2005) Social attitude towards wind energy applications in Greece. Energy Policy 33:595–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kaldellis JK, Zafirakis D (2007) Present situation and future prospects of electricity generation in Aegean Archipelago Islands. Energy Policy 35:4623–4639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Karampela S, Kizos T, Spilanis I (2016) Evaluating the impact of agritourism on local development in small islands. Isl Stud J 11(1):161–176Google Scholar
  36. Karampela S, Papazoglou C, Kizos T, Spilanis I (2017) Sustainable local development on Aegean Islands: a meta-analysis of the literature. Isl Stud J 12(1):71–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kizos T (2016) Self-determinable development of small islands. Isl Stud J 11(2):739–742Google Scholar
  38. Kizos T, Iosifides T (2007) The contradictions of agrotourism development in Greece: evidence from three case studies. South Euro Soc Polit 12(1):59–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kizos T, Koulouri M (2010) Same land cover, same land use at the large scale, different landscapes at the small scale: landscape change in olive plantations on Lesvos Island, Greece. Landsc Res 35(4):449–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kizos T, Vakoufaris H (2011) Valorisation of a local asset: the case of olive oil on Lesvos Island, Greece. Food Policy 36(5):705–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kizos T, Dalaka A, Petanidou T (2010) Farmers’ attitudes and landscape change: evidence from the abandonment of terraced cultivations on Lesvos, Greece. Agric Hum Values 27(2):199–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kontogianni A, Tourkolias C, Skourtos M (2013) Renewables portfolio, individual preferences and social values towards RES technologies. Energy Policy 55:467–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Kontos T, Komilis DP, Halvadakis CP (2005) Siting MSW landfills with a spatial multiple criteria analysis methodology. Waste Manage 25(8):818–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. MacCallum ML, Bury GW (2013) Google search patterns suggest declining interest in the environment. Biodivers Conserv 22:1355–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. MacDonald K (2010) Business, biodiversity and new “fields” of conservation: the world conservation congress and the renegotiation of organizational order. Conserv Soc 8:256–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Maier DS, Feest A (2015) The IPBES conceptual framework: an unhelpful start. J Agric Environ Ethics.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10806-015-9584-5 Google Scholar
  47. Memtsas DP, Dimitrakopoulos PG, Troumbis AY (2002) Incorporating multiple ecological criteria in classical zero one selection algorithms. Web Ecol 3:48–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mills JH, Waite TH (2009) Economic prosperity, biodiversity conservation and the environmental Kuznets curve. Ecol Econ 68:2087–2095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mol APJ, Spaargaren G (1993) Environment, modernity and the risk society: the apocalyptic horizon of environmental reform. Int Sociol 8:431–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Murphy R (1997) Sociology and nature. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  51. O’Connor RE, Bord RJ, Fisher A (1999) Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change. Risk Anal 19(3):461–471Google Scholar
  52. Oikonomou V, Dimitrakopoulos PG, Troumbis AY (2010) Incorporating ecosystem function concept in environmental planning and decision making by means of multi-criteria evaluation: the case-study of Kalloni. Environ Manage, Lesbos.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-010-9575-2 Google Scholar
  53. Papataxiarchis E (2016) Being “there’: at the front line of the “European refugee crisis’—part 1. Anthropol Today 32(2):5–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Pascual P, Balvanera P, Diaz S, Pataki G, Roth E, Stenseke M, Watson RT, Dessane EB, Islar M, Kelemen E, Maris V, Quaas M, Subramanian SM, Wittmer H, Adlan A, Ahn S, Al-Hafedh Y, Amankwah E, Asah ST, Berry P, Bilgin A, Breslow SJ, Bullock C, Caceres D, Daly-Hassen H, Figueroa E, Golden CD, Gomez-Baggethun E, Gonzalez-Jimenez D, Houdet J, Keune H, Kumar R, Ma K, May PH, Mead A, O’Farrell P, Pandit R, Pengue W, Pichis-Madruga R, Popa F, Preston S, Pacheco-Balanza D, Saarikoski H, Strassburg BB, van den Belt M, Verma M, Wickson F, Yagi N (2017) Valuing nature’s contributions to people: the IPBES approach. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 26:7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Pavlis E (2017) North Aegean island landscapes as ecomuseums: the case of Lesvos Island. Isl Stud J 12(1):135–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rose GL (2011) Gaps in the implementation of environmental Law at the National, Regional and Global Level. First Preparatory Meeting of the World Congress on Justice, Governance and Law for Environmental Sustainability. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: UNEP, 30 p. http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2684&context=lhapapers
  57. Schmeller DS, Niemela J, Bridgewater P (2017) The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES): getting involved. Biodivers Conserv 26(10):2271–2275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Schwarz M, Thompson M (1990) Divided we stand: Redefining politics, technology, and social choice. Harvester Wheatsheaf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  59. Simonis UE (1989) Ecological modernization of industrial society: three strategic elements. Int Soc Sc J 121:347–361Google Scholar
  60. Spilanis I, Kizos T, Vaitis M, Koukourouvli N (2013) Measuring the economic, social and environmental performance of European Island regions: emerging issues for European and regional policy. Euro Plan Stud 21(12):1998–2019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Spilanis I, Kizos T, Giordano B (2016) The effectiveness of European Regional Development Fund projects in Greece: views from planners, management staff and beneficiaries. Euro Urban Reg Stud 23(2):182–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Symeonakis E, Karathanassis N, Koukoulas S, Panagopoulos P (2016) Monitoring sensitivity to land degradation and desertification with the environmentally sensitive area index: the case of Lesvos Island. Land Degrad Dev 27(6):1562–1573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Troumbis A (2017) Declining Google trends of public interest in biodiversity: semantics, statistics or traceability of changing priorities? Biodivers Conserv.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1294-z Google Scholar
  64. Troumbis A, Vasios G, Hatziantoniou M (2018) Multiple conservation criteria, discursive conflicts and stakeholder preferences in the era of ecological modernization. Biodivers Conserv.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1484-8 Google Scholar
  65. Vokou D, Dimitrakopoulos PG, Jones N, Damialis A, Monokrousos N, Pantis JD, Mazaris AD, The Natura-2000 Committee (2010–2013) members (2014) Ten years of co-management in Greek protected areas: an evaluation. Biodivers Conserv 23:2833–2855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wessa P (2017) Free statistics software, Office for Research Development and Education, version 1.2.1. https://www.wessa.net/
  67. Wolsink M (2007) Wind power implementation: the nature of public attitudes: Equity and fairness instead of ‘backyard motives’. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 11(6):1188–1207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Wu S-W, Delgado MR, Maloney LT (2009) Economic decision-making compared with an equivalent motor task. PNAS 106(15):6088–6093PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  69. Yiridoe EK (2000) Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies. J Agric Environ Ethics 93:101–120Google Scholar
  70. York R, Rosa EA (2003) Key challenges in ecological modernization theory. Organ Environ 16(3):273–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zagaria C, Schulp C, Kizos T, Gounaridis D, Verburg PH (2017) Cultural landscapes and behavioral transformations: an agent-based model for the simulation and discussion of alternative landscape futures in East Lesvos, Greece. Land Use Policy 65:26–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Zouros N (2004) The European Geoparks Network—Geological heritage protection and local development. Episodes 27(3):165–171Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biodiversity Conservation Laboratory, Department of the Environment, School of the EnvironmentUniversity of the AegeanMytiliniGreece
  2. 2.Section of Environmental Social Sciences, Department of the Environment, School of the EnvironmentUniversity of the AegeanMytiliniGreece

Personalised recommendations