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Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 25, Issue 13, pp 2831–2834 | Cite as

Amazon aquatic biodiversity imperiled by oil spills

  • Valter M. Azevedo-Santos
  • James R. Garcia-Ayala
  • Philip M. Fearnside
  • Francisco A. Esteves
  • Fernando M. Pelicice
  • William F. Laurance
  • Ricardo C. Benine
Letter to the Editor
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Coastal and marine biodiversity

Abstract

Oil exploitation poses a significant threat to freshwater biodiversity, and future plans to develop petroleum leases in the Amazon Basin should be seem with caution. A series of oil spills have significantly affected biodiversity and human activities in some Amazonian basins, indicating that disturbances by petroleum activities will increase in the region, particularly in upper basins and river headwaters. Measures are needed to reduce the risk of spills and to minimize their impacts. More fundamentally, changes in decision making are needed that give proper weight to these impacts.

Keywords

Petroleum Pollution Fish kill Environmental impact Freshwater Development policy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valter M. Azevedo-Santos
    • 1
  • James R. Garcia-Ayala
    • 1
  • Philip M. Fearnside
    • 2
  • Francisco A. Esteves
    • 3
  • Fernando M. Pelicice
    • 4
  • William F. Laurance
    • 5
  • Ricardo C. Benine
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ictiologia, Departamento de ZoologiaUniversidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”BotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA)ManausBrazil
  3. 3.Núcleo em Ecologia e Desenvolvimento Sócio Ambiental de MacaéUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroMacaéBrazil
  4. 4.Núcleo de Estudos AmbientaisUniversidade Federal de TocantinsPorto NacionalBrazil
  5. 5.Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS) and College of Marine and Environmental SciencesJames Cook UniversityCairnsAustralia

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