Classifying conservation targets based on the origin of motivation: implications over the success of community-based conservation projects
- 649 Downloads
Community-based conservation (CBC) projects represent one approach to biodiversity conservation when working with indigenous and local people. This method aims to achieve conservation and development goals simultaneously, however whether both types of goals can be met or whether competition between the two precludes success is an issue of much discussion. Conservation targets are one of the most important elements upon which a conservation project is built. We propose that one way to link biodiversity conservation with human development goals is to consider people’s needs and interests in the selection of the conservation target. Here, we present three categories of conservation targets that vary according to the origin of motivation that drives indigenous and local people to conserve the target. According to the type of target selected, the level of participation, integration of traditional ecological knowledge, level of external intervention and long-term sustainability will vary. We encourage conservation practitioners to understand the motivations that lead indigenous and local people to participate in conservation projects, and to develop and design CBC projects from these incentives.
KeywordsMotivators for conservation Participation Indigenous and local people Conservation target Biodiversity conservation Project design
We are very grateful to the Miaría and Nuevo Mundo communities in Peru, and the CCES team in Lima and Washington DC for rich discussions and logistical support. This work was supported by the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and Repsol Exploracion Peru. This is contribution # 24 of the CCES Peru Biodiversity Program.
- Carter MF, Hunter WC, Pashley DN, Rosenberg KV (2000) Setting conservation priorities for landbirds in the United States: the partners in flight approach. Auk 117(2):541–548Google Scholar
- CMP (2013) Open standards for the practice of conservation. Accessed November 2013Google Scholar
- Dietz LA, Nagagata EY (1995) Golden lion tamarin conservation program: a community education effort for forest conservation in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. In: Jacobson SK (ed) Conserving wildlife: international education and communication approaches. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 64–86Google Scholar
- Lunney D, Curtin A, Ayers D, Cogger HG, Dickman CR (1996) An ecological approach to identifying the endangered fauna of New South Wales. Pac Conserv Biol 2:212–231Google Scholar
- Salafsky N, Margoluis R, Redford K, Robinson J (2002) Improving the practice of conservation: a conceptual framework and research agenda for conservation science. Conserv Biol 16(6):1469–1479. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.2002.01232.x
- Souto T, Nuñez C, Linares-Palomino R, Deichmann J, Alonso A (2013) Uso de recursos naturales por 10 comunidades mestizas del rio Tapiche, Peru. In: Linares-Palomino R, Deichmann J, Alonso A (eds) Biodiversidad y uso de recursos naturales en la cuenca baja del rio Tapiche, Loreto, Peru, vol 31. Documento tecnico, IIAP, Iquitos, pp 78–115Google Scholar
- Topp-Jorgensen E, Poulsen MK, Lund JF, Massao JF (2005) Community-based monitoring of natural resource use and forest quality in montane forests and miombo woodlands of Tanzania. Biodivers Conserv 14:2653–2677. doi: 10.1007/s10531-005-8399-5
- Van Rijsoort J, Jinfeng Z (2005) Participatory resource monitoring as a means for promoting social change in Yunnan, China. Biodivers Conserv 14 2543–2573. doi: 10.1007/s10531-005-8377-y