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Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 20, Issue 13, pp 3239–3250 | Cite as

Subtropical Brazilian mangroves as a refuge of crab (Decapoda: Brachyura) diversity

  • Karine Delevati Colpo
  • Mônica Mungai Chacur
  • Fernanda Jordão Guimarães
  • Maria Lúcia Negreiros-Fransozo
Original Paper

Abstract

This study characterized seven mangrove areas of different sizes, located on the southeastern Brazilian coast, with respect to their sediment and vegetation features. We also estimated the richness and composition of the brachyuran assemblages in these mangroves. Crab, vegetation and sediment data were collected during low tide. The larger mangroves showed richer and complex forests, and may be more ecologically stable than smaller mangroves. Twenty-eight species of crabs were recorded, members of nine families: Panopeidae, Pinnotheridae, Gecarcinidae, Grapsidae, Sesarmidae, Varunidae, Ocypodidae, Ucididae, and Portunidae. Ocypodoidea predominated over Grapsoidea in the smaller mangrove areas in pioneer stages of forest establishment, whereas the opposite was recorded for larger and more stable mangroves, where the forest can reach advanced stage of development. Comprido is a small mangrove, but its crab assemblage was similar to the larger ones, probably because of other factors not investigated here (e.g., megalopa settling rate). This study provided basic knowledge for developing conservation strategies for vulnerable mangrove ecosystems.

Keywords

Brazil Crab assemblages Forest features Sediment Subtropical mangroves 

Notes

Acknowledgments

To FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) for financing this project (#94/4878-8; #95/8520-3; #98/3134-6; #98/15292-5), and to the members of Nebecc for their help during field activities (Alvaro L. D. Reigada, Jelly M. Nakagaki, and Cecilia M. Guerrero Ocampo). All the collections of crabs were carried out in compliance with current federal and state laws (IBAMA and ICMBio). The authors are grateful to Dr. Janet W. Reid for English improvement in the draft of the manuscript, and to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

Supplementary material

10531_2011_125_MOESM1_ESM.doc (73 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 73 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karine Delevati Colpo
    • 1
  • Mônica Mungai Chacur
    • 2
  • Fernanda Jordão Guimarães
    • 3
  • Maria Lúcia Negreiros-Fransozo
    • 4
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista—UNESPSão VicenteBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul—PB 351—UEMSDouradosBrazil
  3. 3.Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz—UESC, DCB/Sistemas Aquáticos Tropicais Rodovia Ilhéus/ItabunaIlhéusBrazil
  4. 4.Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Zoologia, IBB—UNESPBotucatuBrazil

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