Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp 2477–2495 | Cite as

Subsistence hunting and conservation issues in the game reserve of Gile, Mozambique

  • Alessandro Fusari
  • Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto


Ethnozoological research was conducted to gather information on the hunting activities and their relevance for the subsistence of local people in 8 villages around the game reserve of Gile, Mozambique. Two series of data were gathered by questionnaires to: (a) 510 householders from eight villages located in the outskirts of the Reserve; (b) 10 hunters from the village of Gile, the main centre of the study area. Several hunting techniques were recorded: spears, nets, traps (including gin-traps) and wildfires, while the use of guns did not appear relevant. The importance of subsistence hunting for local people was underlined by the high percentage of respondents who declared that they usually conduct this activity and sell bushmeat. The proportion of hunters per village was related to the village size but not to its geographical location of villages and the household composition. A positive relationship existed between the proportion of hunters, crop production and fishing activities, indicating that hunting is part of an integrated system of subsistence activities. Most animals harvested were mammals (89.5%, of which 46.7% were ungulates) and most were captured within the Reserve (96%). A higher percentage of animals was sold (56%), representing a relevant income source for the villagers. Small animals were mainly captured by traps during solitary hunting, medium-sized animals in collective net hunting; larger prey were captured by gin-traps adopted by both solitary and collective hunting. In the diet of the local people wild animals represented a higher protein source than domestic animals.


Bushmeat trade Mozambique Subsistence hunting Wildlife conservation Zambezia 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di BiologiaUniversità degli Studi “Roma Tre”RomaItaly

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