Tracking the origin of the invading Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) with Geographic Profiling, a criminological technique for a killer alga

Abstract

The application of the Geographic Profiling technique (with the “Rossmo formula”) proved to be effective in assessing the spreading origin of invading species of Caulerpa in the Mediterranean. Geoprofiling is a technique more frequently used in criminology. We applied this method to an algal invasion for the first time. The method was calibrated with the distribution data of Caulerpa taxifolia, whose spreading in the Mediterranean Sea started from the aquarium of Monaco. This is the first time that Geographic Profiling is calibrated on a data set of sites of presence of a biological invader, of which the spreading origin is known. The application on Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea showed that the probable spreading center of the alga should be located in Western Sicily for the Mediterranean and in the southern part of Tenerife for the Canary Islands (Las Galletas, a fishing village). The spreading centers correspond to areas with ports, indicating that the spreading of this alga should be related to (fishing) boats. This result confirmed the opinion of other authors. The parameters used in the Rossmo Formula, obtained through calibration with the known origin of C. taxifolia invasion for identifying the origin of the spread of C. racemosa var. cylindracea may be extended to other algae with similar propagation mode and similar habitat requirements.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Ben Rais Lasram F, Guilhaumon F, Albouy C, Somot S, Thuiller W, Mouillot D (2010) The Mediterranean Sea as a ‘cul-de-sac’ for endemic fishes facing climate change. Glob Change Biol 16:3233–3245

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Carvalho N, Liddle L, Caye G, Meinesz A (1998) Current knowledge on the biological cycle of the genus Caulerpa and karyological studies on Caulerpa taxifolia. In: Boudouresque C-F, Gravez V, Meinesz A, Palluy F (eds) 3rd International workshop on Caulerpa taxifolia, Marseille, 19–20 September 1997. GIS Posidonie, Marseille, pp 127–132

  3. Ceccherelli G, Piazzi L (2001) Dispersal of Caulerpa racemosa fragments in the Mediterranean: lack of detachment time effect on establishment. Bot Mar 44:209–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Dramstad W (1996) Do bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) really forage close to their nests? J. Insect Behav 9:163–182

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Famà P, Olsen JL, Stam WT, Procaccini G (2000) High levels of intra-and inter-individual polymorphism in the rDNS ITS1 of Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta). Eur J Phycol 35:349–356

    Google Scholar 

  6. Hiddink JG, Ben Rais Lasram F, Cantrill J, Davies AJ (2012) Keeping pace with climate change: what can we learn from the spread of Lessepsian migrants? Glob Change Biol (accepted). doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02698.x

  7. Hill D, Coquillard P, Vaugelas J, Meinesz A (1998) An algorithmic model for invasive species: application to Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh development in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea. Ecol Model 109:251–265

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Jousson O, Pawlowski J, Zaninetti L, Meinesz A, Boudouresque CF (1998) Molecular evidence for the aquarium origin of the green alga Caulerpa taxifolia introduced to the Mediterranean Sea. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 172:275–280

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Le Comber SC, Nicholls B, Rossmo DK, Racey PA (2006) Geographic profiling and animal foraging. J Theor Biol 240:233–240

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Le Comber SC, Rossmo DK, Hassan AN, Fuller DO, Beier JC (2011) Geographic profiling as a novel spatial tool for targeting infectious disease control. Int J Health Geograph 10:35

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Lejeusne C, Chevaldonné P, Pergent-Martini C, Boudouresque CF, Pérez T (2010) Climate change effects on a miniature ocean: the highly diverse, highly impacted Mediterranean Sea. Trends Ecol Evol 25:250–260

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Lipkin Y (1972) Contribution to the knowledge of Suez canal migration. Marine algal and seagrass flora of the Suez canal. Israel J Zool 21:405–446

    Google Scholar 

  13. Martin RA, Rossmo DK, Hammerschlag N (2009) Hunting patterns and geographic profiling of white shark predation. J Zool 279:111–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Meinesz A (1992) Modes de dissémination de l’algue Caulerpa taxifolia introduite en Méditerranée. Rapport de la Commission Internationale sur la Mer Méditerranée 33:44

  15. Meinesz A, Hesse B (1991) Introduction et invasion de l’algue tropicale Caulerpa taxifolia en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. Oceanol Acta 14:415–426

    Google Scholar 

  16. Meinesz A, Belsher T, Thibaut T et al (2001) The introduced green alga Caulerpa taxifolia continues to spread in the Mediterranean. Biol Invasions 3:201–210

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Miller RT (1974) The jackknife—a review. Biometrika 61(1):1–15

    Google Scholar 

  18. Nizamuddin M (1991) The green marine algae of Libya. Elga Publ., Bern, 227 pp

  19. Panayotidis P, Zuljevic A (2001) Sexual reproduction of the invasive green alga Caulerpa racemosa var. occidentalis in the Mediterranean sea. Oceanol Acta 24:199–203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Papini A, Sordo L, Mosti S (2011) Surface interactions of the epiphytic macroalga Hincksia mitchelliae (Phaeophyceae) with the shoalgrass, Halodule wrightii (Cymodoceaceae). J Phycol 47(1):118–122

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Piazzi L, Cinelli F (1999) Developpement et dynamique saisonniere d’un peuplement mediterraneen de l’algue tropicale Caulerpa racemosa (Forskål) J. Agardh. Cryptogamie Algologie 20:295–300

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Piazzi L, Meinesz A, Verlaque M et al (2005) Invasion of Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea: an assessment of the spread. Cryptogamie Algologie 26:189–202

    Google Scholar 

  23. Raine NE, Rossmo DK, Le Comber SC (2009) Geographic profiling applied to testing models of bumble-bee foraging. J R Soc Interface 6:307–319

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Relini G, Relini M, Torchia G (2000) The role of fishing gear in the spreading of allochthonous species: the case of Caulerpa taxifolia in the ligurian Sea. ICES J Mar Sci 57:1421–1427

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Renoncourt L, Meinesz A (2002) Formation of propagules on an invasive strain of Caulerpa racemosa (Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea (Research Note). Phycologia 41:533–535

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Ricciardi A, Cohen J (2007) The invasiveness of an introduced species does not predict its impact. Biol Invasions 9:309–315

    Google Scholar 

  27. Rossmo DK (1993) A methodological model. Am J Crim Justice 172:1–21

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Rossmo DK (2000) Geographic profiling. CRC Press, Boca Raton

    Google Scholar 

  29. Sant N, Delgado O, Rodriguez-Prieto C, Ballesteros E (1996) The spreading of the introduced seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh in the Mediterranean Sea: testing the boat transportation hypothesis. Bot Mar 39:427–430

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Saville NM, Dramstad WE, Fry GLA, Corbet SA (1997) Bumblebee movement in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Agric Ecosyst Environ 61:145–154

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK (2001) Allelopathy in agroecosystems. An overview. J Crop Prod 4:1–41

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  32. Stevenson MD, Rossmo DK, Knell RJ, Le Comber SC (2012) Geographic profiling as a novel spatial tool for targeting the control of invasive species. Ecography 35:1–12

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Strayer DL, Eviner VT, Jeschke JM, Pace ML (2006) Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions. Trends Ecol Evol 21:645–651

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Suzuki-Ohno Y, Inoue MN, Ohno K (2010) Applying geographic profiling used in the field of criminology for predicting the nest locations of bumble bees. J Theor Biol 265:211–217

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Turan G, Tekogul H, Cirik S, Meinesz A (2011) First record of the invasive green seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia (Bryopsidales) on the coast of turkey. Cryptogamie Algologie 32(4):379–382

    Google Scholar 

  36. Verlaque M, Durand C, Huisman JM, Boudouresque CF, Le Parco Y (2003) On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta). Eur J Phycol 38:325–339

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Verlaque M, Carrillo JA, Gil-Rodriguez MC, Durand C, Boudouresque CF, Le Parco Y (2004) Blitzkrieg in a marine invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reaches the Canary Islands (north-east Atlantic). Biol Invasions 6:269–281

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Vitousek P, D’Antonio CM, Loope L, Westbrooks R (1996) Biological invasions as global environmental change. Am Sci 84:468–478

    Google Scholar 

  39. Wilcover DS, Rothstein D, Dubow J, Phillips A, Losos E (1998) Quantifying threats to imperilled species in the United States. Bioscience 48:607–615

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Antonino Caponnetto Foundation. We thank the anonymous reviewers for their help and Dr. Rossmo and Dr. Suzuki-Ohno for their suggestions.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alessio Papini.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOC 16 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Papini, A., Mosti, S. & Santosuosso, U. Tracking the origin of the invading Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) with Geographic Profiling, a criminological technique for a killer alga. Biol Invasions 15, 1613–1621 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-012-0396-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Algae
  • Caulerpa
  • Biological invasion
  • Geographic Profiling
  • Mediterranean Sea