Biological Invasions

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 863–873 | Cite as

Damage levels from arthropod herbivores on Lonicera maackii suggest enemy release in its introduced range

  • Deah Lieurance
  • Don Cipollini
Original Paper


The ‘enemy release hypothesis’ argues when a species is introduced to a novel habitat, release from regulation by herbivores results in increased vigor, abundance, and distribution. The invasive Asian shrub Lonicera maackii appears to benefit from an absence of arthropod herbivores in North America. We assessed the incidence, amount, and type of herbivory occurring on L. maackii in forest edge and interior habitats and investigated differences in timing of damage. In October 2008, leaves were sampled from shrubs in forest interior and edge habitat from 8 sites in Ohio. In 2009, sampling was repeated at 3 sites in spring, summer, and fall with a distinction made between long and short branches. Leaf area removed averaged 1.83% across the 8 populations in 2008 and 3.09% across the 3 populations in 2009, with forest edge plants receiving slightly more damage than forest interior plants in 2008. Additionally, long shoots received more damage than short shoots in 2009. Damage incidence was also higher in the edge habitat and on long shoots compared to short shoots. As measured in 2009, damage accumulated steadily throughout the season. Chewing was the most prevalent type of damage (76. 8%) and low level of pathogen infection was observed (4.81%). Results indicate that levels of herbivory experienced by L. maackii are relatively consistent across sites, vary slightly with habitat and branch identity, but are likely too low to impact fitness of shrubs. These findings indicate that low amounts of arthropod herbivory occur for L. maackii across its introduced range, which may contribute to its invasive success.


Herbivory Lonicera maackii Amur honeysuckle Enemy release hypothesis 



The authors thank Wright State University, the Ohio Board of Regents, and the Ohio Plant Biotechnology Consortium for funding. We thank Tom Borgman of Hamilton County Park District, Michael Enright of Five Rivers MetroParks, and Kim Landsbergen and the Franklin Park Conservatory for access to field sites and facilitation of this research. Comments by two anonymous reviewers substantially improved this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences and Environmental Sciences PhD ProgramWright State UniversityDaytonUSA

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