Table 1 Quantitative comparison of the studied groups of compounds in the mycelial cultures of Ganoderma applanatum (Ga), Laetiporus sulphureus (Ls), and Trametes versicolor (Tv)

From: Mycelial culture extracts of selected wood-decay mushrooms as a source of skin-protecting factors

Names of compounds Ganoderma applanatum Laetiporus sulphureus Trametes versicolor
Amounts of compounds [mg/100 g DW]
Phenolic acids
Gallic acid 0.89 ± 0.23b,c 0.39 ± 0.15a 0.07 ± 0.49a
Protocatechuic acid 0.93 ± 0.15b,c 3.29 ± 1.02a 4.23 ± 0.77a
p–Hydroxybenzoic acid 0.80 ± 0.37b,c 4.07 ± 0.73a 4.99 ± 0.98a
Gentisic acid nd nd 1.01 ± 0.03
Syringic acid 0.02 ± 0.01 nd nd
Total amounts 2.69 ± 0.44 7.75 ± 1.79 10.30 ± 2.03
Sterols
Ergosterol 63.94 ± 3.54bc 136.87 ± 8.18ac 33.11 ± 3.55ab
Ergosterol peroxide 20.47 ± 1.89b 64.01 ± 6.01a 15.29 ± 1.84
α–Tocopherol nd 0.16 ± 1.21 nd
Total amounts 84.41 ± 23.94 7.75 ± 1.79 10.30 ± 2.03
Indole derivatives
l-Tryptophan 1.76 ± 0.58b 14.08 ± 1.66a 3.91 ± 1.06
Tryptamine 1.12 ± 0.83ns 1.16 ± 1.14ns 1.69 ± 0.59ns
Melatonin 0.021 ± 0.03ns nd 0.01 ± 0.01ns
5-OH-l-tryptophan nd 1.50 ± 0.45 0.90 ± 0.20
Total amounts 2.9 ± 0.90 16.74 ± 6.4 6.51 ± 1.60
Kojic acid 0.014 ± 0.0092ns 0.023 ± 0.01ns nd
  1. Data are presented as the mean ± SD (standard deviation); n = 3 repetitions. Tukey test (Statsoft STATISTICA) was used to reveal the differences between paired groups of elements in row. The same letters mean statistically significant differences between species (a = differences between Ga and Ls, b = differences between Ga and Tv, c = differences between Ls and Tv) for p values at least < 0.01; ns = not statistically significant