Engineering genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis for acetoin production from xylose
To investigate the capacity of a genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis strain as chassis cell for acetoin production from xylose.
To endow the genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis strain BSK814 with the ability to utilize xylose, we inserted a native xyl operon into its genome and deleted the araR gene. The resulting strain BSK814A2 produced 2.94 g acetoin/l from 10 g xylose/l, which was 39% higher than control strain BSK19A2. The deletion of the bdhA and acoA genes further improved xylose utilization efficiency and increased acetoin production to 3.71 g/l in BSK814A4. Finally, BSK814A4 produced up to 23.3 g acetoin/l from 50 g xylose/l, with a yield of 0.46 g/g xylose. Both the titer and yield were 39% higher than those of control strain BSK19A4.
As a chassis cell, genome-reduced B. subtilis showed significantly improved capacity for the production of the overflow product acetoin from xylose compared with wild-type strain.
KeywordsAcetoin Bacillus subtilis Chassis cell Genome reduction Transcription Xylose
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-21176182, 21576191 and 21621004)
Supplementary Table 1—Strains used.
Supplementary Table 2—Plasmids used.
Supplementary Table 3—Primers used.