Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 393–398 | Cite as

Engineering genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis for acetoin production from xylose

  • Panpan Yan
  • Yuanqing Wu
  • Li Yang
  • Zhiwen Wang
  • Tao Chen
Original Research Paper



To investigate the capacity of a genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis strain as chassis cell for acetoin production from xylose.


To endow the genome-reduced Bacillus subtilis strain BSK814 with the ability to utilize xylose, we inserted a native xyl operon into its genome and deleted the araR gene. The resulting strain BSK814A2 produced 2.94 g acetoin/l from 10 g xylose/l, which was 39% higher than control strain BSK19A2. The deletion of the bdhA and acoA genes further improved xylose utilization efficiency and increased acetoin production to 3.71 g/l in BSK814A4. Finally, BSK814A4 produced up to 23.3 g acetoin/l from 50 g xylose/l, with a yield of 0.46 g/g xylose. Both the titer and yield were 39% higher than those of control strain BSK19A4.


As a chassis cell, genome-reduced B. subtilis showed significantly improved capacity for the production of the overflow product acetoin from xylose compared with wild-type strain.


Acetoin Bacillus subtilis Chassis cell Genome reduction Transcription Xylose 



This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-21176182, 21576191 and 21621004)

Supporting information

Supplementary Table 1—Strains used.

Supplementary Table 2—Plasmids used.

Supplementary Table 3—Primers used.

Supplementary material

10529_2017_2481_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 25 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panpan Yan
    • 1
  • Yuanqing Wu
    • 1
  • Li Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhiwen Wang
    • 1
  • Tao Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering (Ministry of Education), SynBio Research Platform, Collaborative Innovation Center for Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.College of life ScienceShihezi UniversityShiheziPeople’s Republic of China

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