Effect of THP-1 Cells on the Formation of Vascular Tubes by Endothelial EA.hy926 Cells in the Presence of Placenta Secretory Products
We studied the effect of THP-1 cells on the formation of vessel-like structures by endothelial cells in the presence of placenta-conditioned media. Addition of THP-1 cells to endothelial cells cultured in the presence of media conditioned by first-trimester placentas led to an increase in the length of cell tubes and reduced their number in comparison with endothelial cell monoculture. In the presence of media conditioned by third-trimester placentas, THP-1 cells did not affect the length and number of cell tubes formed by endothelial cells. When evaluating the formation of vessel-like structures by endothelial cells in co-culture, marked decrease in the length of cell tubes in the presence of media conditioned by first-trimester placentas vs. third-trimester placentas was noted. No differences in the length and number of cell tubes formed by endothelial cells co-cultured with THP-1 cells in the presence of placental factors from women with preeclampsia and uncomplicated pregnancy were found. These findings can reflect the peculiarities of the influence of macrophages on the formation of blood vessels by endothelial cells in the placenta.
Key Wordsangiogenesis macrophages endothelium pregnancy preeclampsia
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