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Accretion flow dynamics during 1999 outburst of XTE J1859+226—modeling of broadband spectra and constraining the source mass

  • Anuj Nandi
  • S. Mandal
  • H. Sreehari
  • D. Radhika
  • Santabrata Das
  • I. Chattopadhyay
  • N. Iyer
  • V. K. Agrawal
  • R. Aktar
Original Article
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

We examine the dynamical behavior of accretion flow around XTE J1859+226 during the 1999 outburst by analyzing the entire outburst data (∼166 days) from RXTE Satellite. Towards this, we study the hysteresis behavior in the hardness intensity diagram (HID) based on the broadband (3–150 keV) spectral modeling, spectral signature of jet ejection and the evolution of Quasi-periodic Oscillation (QPO) frequencies using the two-component advective flow model around a black hole. We compute the flow parameters, namely Keplerian accretion rate (\({\dot{m}}_{d}\)), sub-Keplerian accretion rate (\({\dot{m}}_{h}\)), shock location (\(r_{s}\)) and black hole mass (\(M_{\mathit{bh}}\)) from the spectral modeling and study their evolution along the q-diagram. Subsequently, the kinetic jet power is computed as \(L^{\mathrm{obs}}_{\mathrm{jet}} \sim3\mbox{--}6 \times10^{37}~\mbox{erg}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\) during one of the observed radio flares which indicates that jet power corresponds to 8–16% mass outflow rate from the disc. This estimate of mass outflow rate is in close agreement with the change in total accretion rate (∼14%) required for spectral modeling before and during the flare. Finally, we provide a mass estimate of the source XTE J1859+226 based on the spectral modeling that lies in the range of 5.2–7.9 \(M_{\odot}\) with 90% confidence.

Keywords

Accretion Accretion discs Black hole physics Radiation mechanisms: non thermal X rays: binaries ISM: jets and outflows Stars: black holes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the reviewer for his/her valuable suggestions and comments that helped to improve the quality of the manuscript. This research has made use of data obtained through the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC) online service, provided by the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. AN thanks GD, SAG; DD, PDMSA and Director, ISAC for encouragement and continuous support to carry out this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anuj Nandi
    • 1
  • S. Mandal
    • 2
  • H. Sreehari
    • 1
    • 3
  • D. Radhika
    • 4
  • Santabrata Das
    • 5
  • I. Chattopadhyay
    • 6
  • N. Iyer
    • 7
  • V. K. Agrawal
    • 1
  • R. Aktar
    • 5
  1. 1.Space Astronomy Group, ISITE CampusISRO Satellite CenterBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Space Science and TechnologyTrivandrumIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsDayananda Sagar UniversityBangaloreIndia
  5. 5.Indian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  6. 6.ARIES, Manora PeakNainitalIndia
  7. 7.Albanova University CentreKTH PAPStockholmSweden

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