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Table 6 Predictors of the three masturbation and satisfaction clusters (LmS, HmD, LmD) in comparison with the reference group (HmS: High masturbation and Satisfied) in men (n = 900)

From: A Seemingly Paradoxical Relationship Between Masturbation Frequency and Sexual Satisfaction

  Low/no masturbation
Satisfied (LmS)
High masturbation Dissatisfied (HmD) Low/no masturbation
Dissatisfied (LmD)
  AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age 1.04*** 1.03–1.06 1.01 0.99–1.03 1.03*** 1.01–1.05
 Education 0.87 0.67–1.12 1.34* 1.02–1.77 1.11 0.86–1.44
 Religious 0.73 0.46–1.14 0.99 0.60–1.61 1.07 0.68–1.95
 Relationship statusa       
  Unmarriedb 1.07 0.59–1.92 0.62 0.34–1.16 0.21*** 0.09–0.48
  Separated/divorcedb 0.33* 0.13–0.86 0.70 0.25–1.98 0.36 0.13–1.01
  Widow/widowerb 0.30 0.05–1.92 1.02 0.06–18.82 0.55 0.02–13.05
Psychological factorc
 Distress about sexual difficulties 1.18 0.92–1.51 1.57*** 1.23–2.00 1.53*** 1.19–1.95
 Body image 0.84 0.67–1.06 1.35** 1.08–1.68 1.09 0.87–1.37
 Genital self-image 1.00 0.81–1.23 1.24* 1.02–1.49 1.38*** 1.13–1.69
Sexual behaviourd
 Number of sex partners (lifetime) 1.00 0.99–1.01 1.00 0.99–1.01 1.00 0.99–1.01
 Frequency of pornography use 0.55*** 0.48–0.62 1.43*** 1.18–1.74 0.68*** 0.59–0.78
 Number of sexual experiences/desires 0.92 0.81–1.04 1.03 0.90–1.17 0.96 0.84–1.09
 Intercourse frequency 1.30*** 1.11–1.52 0.41*** 0.33–0.50 0.49*** 0.37–0.56
  1. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01. ***p < 0.001
  2. a Reference category = married/cohabitant/registered partnership or in a current permanent relationship; b and currently not in a permanent relationship; c higher scores denote greater sexual distress/greater dissatisfaction; d higher scores denote higher frequency/numbers