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Table 5 Predictors of the three masturbation and satisfaction clusters (LmS, HmD, LmD) in comparison with the reference group (HmS: High masturbation and Satisfied) in women (n = 677)

From: A Seemingly Paradoxical Relationship Between Masturbation Frequency and Sexual Satisfaction

  Low/no masturbation
Satisfied (LmS)
High masturbation Dissatisfied (HmD) Low/no masturbation
Dissatisfied (LmD)
  AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age 1.03** 1.01–1.05 1.02 0.99–1.04 1.00 0.98–1.03
 Education 1.22 0.92–1.63 1.51* 1.10–2.08 1.26 0.87–1.84
 Religious 0.80 0.48–1.31 1.01 0.55–1.85 1.02 0.51–2.07
 Relationship statusa       
  Unmarriedb 0.47 0.20–1.13 1.30 0.59–2.89 0.93 0.36–2.36
  Separated/divorcedb 0.20** 0.07–0.60 0.29* 0.10–0.81 0.17** 0.05–0.65
  Widow/widowerb 0.13 0.01–1.63 0.22 0.01–4.09 0.36 0.02–7.18
Psychological factorsc
 Distress about sexual difficulties 1.11 0.88–1.41 1.87*** 1.39–2.44 2.53*** 1.83–3.51
 Body image 1.12 0.92–1.37 1.27* 1.01–1.59 1.38* 1.06–1.79
 Genital self-image 1.18 0.99–1.40 1.18 0.98–1.43 1.10 0.88–1.38
Sexual behaviourd
 Number of sex partners (lifetime) 0.99 0.98–1.00 0.99 0.98–1.01 0.99 0.97–1.01
 Frequency of pornography use 0.79*** 0.69–0.91 0.96 0.82–1.12 0.79* 0.65–0.95
 Number of sexual experiences/desires 0.82* 0.70–0.96 1.16 0.97–1.39 0.95 0.77–1.18
 Intercourse frequency 0.72*** 0.60–0.86 0.36*** 0.29–0.46 0.32*** 0.24–0.43
  1. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01. ***p < 0.001;
  2. a Reference category = married/cohabitant/registered partnership or in a current permanent relationship; b and currently not in a permanent relationship; c higher scores denote greater sexual distress/greater dissatisfaction; d higher scores denote higher frequency/numbers