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Table 3 Moderator analyses for heterosexual men

From: Measurement of Sexual Interests with Pupillary Responses: A Meta-Analysis

  Fixed-effect Random-effects Q I2 (%) k N
d 95% CI d 95% CI
Pupil measurement − .26 [− 0.35, − 0.18] − .55 [− 0.80, − 0.29] 105.90* 86.8 15 550
Manual − .07 [− 0.23, 0.09] − .18 [− 0.53, 0.18] 8.44* 76.19 3 20
EyeLink − .68 [− 0.81, − 0.54] − .85 [− 1.20, − 0.50] 36.69* 78.2 9 481
SMI − .11 [− 0.30, 0.08] − .14 [− 0.41, 0.14] 1.77 43.54 2 31
Tobii
Qbetween      55.25*    
Sexual interest measure − .26 [− 0.35, − 0.18] − .55 [− 0.80, − 0.29] 105.90* 86.8 15 550
Not recorded a − .36 [− 0.49, − 0.22] − .37 [− 0.87, 0.13] 28.42* 92.96 3 241
Self-report − .21 [− 0.31, − 0.10] − .62 [− 0.94, − 0.31] 74.53* 85.24 12 309
Qbetween      2.95    
Correlation estimation − .26 [− 0.35, − 0.18] − .55 [− 0.80, − 0.29] 105.90* 86.8 15 550
Estimated .07 [− 0.06, 0.20] .09 [0.00, 0.18] 1.07 0 3 33
Actual − .50 [− 0.61, − 0.39] − .75 [− 1.04, − 0.46] 61.91* 82.23 12 517
Qbetween      42.92*    
Stimulib − .26 [− 0.35, − 0.18] − .55 [− 0.80, − 0.29] 105.90* 86.8 15 550
High explicitness − .27 [− 0.45, − 0.10] − .63 [− 1.22, − 0.05] 21.29* 85.91 4 147
Low explicitness − .66 [− 0.82, − 0.51] − 1.01 [− 1.53, − 0.50] 27.97* 85.7 5 331
Mixed − .03 [− 0.15, 0.08] − .15 [− 0.39, 0.09] 17.05* 70.68 6 72
Qbetween      39.59*    
  1. No eligible studies with non-nude stimuli. d: effect size in Cohen’s d; CI: confidence interval; Q: χ2 test statistic of heterogeneity; I2: percentage of variability between studies that can be attributed to heterogeneity rather than sampling error. k: number of studies included in the analysis. N: total number of participants on which the analysis is based
  2. *Statistically significant
  3. aIncludes studies where sexual interest was not reported and/or not recorded. Participants were assumed heterosexual
  4. bHigh explicitness = completely nude, low explicitness = partially nude, and mixed = a mixture of high and low or not specified