Collective Sex Environments Without the Sex? Insights from the BDSM Community
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As researchers who study BDSM (an umbrella term encompassing a wide range of activities related to bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadism and masochism), we were excited to read Frank’s (2018) examination of research on collective sex environments. We concur with Frank that models that attempt to universalize such environments are inaccurate and potentially counterproductive to the effort to develop interventions to serve participants in these environments. We also agree with Frank that ignoring commonalities can be equally counterproductive, as the strategies used by participants in one collective sex environment to navigate risk might profitably be adopted by participants in other environments.
In this Commentary, we argue for expanding the definition of collective sex environments to fully embrace BDSM. As we describe below, BDSM practitioners share many characteristics with participants in other collective sex environments, and BDSM parties, events, and...
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Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest regarding the material in this Commentary.
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