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Nutritional effect of Artemia nauplii enriched with Tetraselmis suecica and Chaetoceros calcitrans microalgae on growth and survival on the river prawn Macrobrachium americanum larvae

Abstract

The nutritional value of nauplii and metanauplii I of Artemia enriched with microalgae as food for freshwater prawn larvae (Macrobrachium americanum) was tested. The larvae were fed with three different diets consisting of Artemia nauplii (D1), Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Tetraselmis suecica (D2), and Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Chaetoceros calcitrans (D3) from zoea (Z)II. Growth showed differences since the third week, and the highest and lowest growth was observed with D3 and D1, respectively. The first metamorphosis to post-larvae appeared with treatment D3 at 9 weeks. Survival showed differences at the first week with D1 and D3 treatments, and D2 showed the best survival up to week 4. From the sixth week to the end, treatment D3 reached the highest survival. With treatments D1 and D2, all larvae died at the 9th and 10th week, respectively. D3 was the most effective of the three diets.

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Abbreviations

Z:

Zoea

PUFAs:

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

AA:

Arachidonic acid

DHA:

Docosahexaenoic acid

EPA:

Eicosapentanoic acid

HUFAs:

Highly unsaturated fatty acids

MUFAs:

Monounsaturated fatty acids

LNA:

Linolenic acid

LOA:

Linoleic acid

D1 :

Artemia nauplii

D2 :

Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Tetraselmis suecica

D3 :

Artemia metanauplii I enriched with Chaetoceros calcitrans

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Acknowledgements

We thank P. Monsalvo, A. Greene, J. Garzón, R. Herrera, and G. Mendoza from CIBNOR for their technical assistance, and A. Álvarez, who provided advice for the development of the culture system. We thank G. Talamantes for his help with the catching of adult prawn specimens, and Ingrid Mascher Gramlich her editorial services. Funding was provided by CONACYT project CB2010/156252, 2014/227565, AMEXCID CTC/06038/14. Y.M.M. is a CONACYT fellowship recipient (grant 2021420084). M. Garcia-Guerrero thanks IPN EDI and COFAA programs for their financial support. E. Cortés-Jacinto is a fellow of CONACYT (sabbatical project 262236–2015-03).

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Correspondence to Edilmar Cortés-Jacinto.

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Méndez-Martínez, Y., García-Guerrero, M.U., Lora-Vilchis, M.C. et al. Nutritional effect of Artemia nauplii enriched with Tetraselmis suecica and Chaetoceros calcitrans microalgae on growth and survival on the river prawn Macrobrachium americanum larvae. Aquacult Int 26, 1001–1015 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-018-0264-0

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Keywords

  • Cauque river prawn
  • Fatty acids
  • Feed
  • Growth
  • Larval culture
  • Nutrition