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Oxygen, Hydrogen, Boron and Lithium Isotope Data of a Natural Spring Water with an Extreme Composition: A Fluid from the Dehydrating Slab?

Abstract

The chemical and isotope compositions of slab dehydration fluids from convergent margins have been theorized by many authors who have adopted several approaches. A direct collection of natural water is possible only in an oceanic environment, despite several difficulties in estimating the deepest component due to the mixing with seawater or hydrothermal fluids from the ridge. Accordingly, the study of melt inclusions is a valuable alternative. However, the latter mainly represents high temperature/pressure conditions in deep magmatic or metamorphic settings. Here, we present new H, O, Li and B isotope along with a revision of previously published chemical data from a potential natural example of slab dehydration water, sampled in a forearc region and affected by low-temperature metamorphism and serpentinization processes (Aqua de Ney, Northern California). Its extreme composition challenges the understanding of its origin and deep temperature, but this work is a further step on a topic of increasing interest for several scientists from different academic disciplines.

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Notes

  1. It should be noted that pH = 12.7 was obtained by the PHREEQCI-code (Parkhurst and Appelo 2013) and water-free gas (~ 82% of CH4; Mariner et al. 2003) equilibrium at T = 12 °C (Supplementary File S1). This was also done to minimize the possible effects of CO2(g) absorption from atmosphere and probe alkaline error that could occur during field measurements.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank: J. Blank who furnished the samples and M. Wieser for the B isotope analysis; G. Etiope and P. Tomascack for their comments on the earlier versions of the manuscript; C. Monnin and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful remarks.

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Correspondence to Tiziano Boschetti.

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Boschetti, T., Toscani, L., Iacumin, P. et al. Oxygen, Hydrogen, Boron and Lithium Isotope Data of a Natural Spring Water with an Extreme Composition: A Fluid from the Dehydrating Slab?. Aquat Geochem 23, 299–313 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10498-017-9323-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10498-017-9323-9

Keywords

  • Stable isotopes
  • Serpentinization
  • Extreme composition
  • Slab fluids