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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 129–134 | Cite as

Host-parasite association between Didelphis albiventris (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae) and Ixodes loricatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in their southern ranges

  • Evelina L. Tarragona
  • Mariano Mastropaolo
  • Daniel Zurvera
  • Pablo M. Beldomenico
  • Alberto A. Guglielmone
Article

Abstract

The parasitism of Ixodes loricatus Neumann on white-eared opposum, Didelphis albiventris Lund, was analysed in the southern ranges of both. In central Argentina, 118 wild opossums were captured from 2005 to 2012. Adults of I. loricatus were collected (prevalence = 66.1%, mean = 7.03, median = 4), but no immature stage. Tick infestation was not affected by sex (p = 0.27) or age (p = 0.37) of hosts. In line with previous studies about seasonality of larvae and nymphs of I. loricatus, adult tick infestation showed no seasonal trend. This lack of seasonal pattern of infestation for all parasitic stages of I. loricatus may indicate a life cycle governed by nidicolous behaviour, in such a way that this habit would contribute to minimize the influence of external environmental variables. The tick sex ratio was female biased, with two females per one male (p = 0.002). The absence of I. loricatus immatures on D. albiventris suggests that in the study region there is clear segregation of immatures in rodents and adults in marsupials.

Keywords

White-eared opposum Southern ranges Ixodes loricatus Adult ticks Seasonal distribution Argentina 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Armando Rubén Delgado (Catedra de Bacteriología Universidad Nacional del Litoral-UNL), Darío Exequiel Manzoli, Ana Inés Correa, Leandro Raúl Antoniazzi, Maria Ayelen Teresita Eberhardt (ICIVET—Litoral, Universidad Nacional del Litoral-UNL) and “Grupo CAPIBARA” of the Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad Nacional del Litoral, for help during field work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelina L. Tarragona
    • 1
  • Mariano Mastropaolo
    • 2
  • Daniel Zurvera
    • 3
  • Pablo M. Beldomenico
    • 3
  • Alberto A. Guglielmone
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria RafaelaConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasRafaelaArgentina
  2. 2.Cátedra de Parasitología y Enfermedades Parasitarias, Facultad de Ciencias VeterinariasUniversidad Nacional del LitoralEsperanzaArgentina
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Ecología de Enfermedades, Instituto de Ciencias Veterinarias del Litoral (ICIVET - Litoral)Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL)/Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)EsperanzaArgentina

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