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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp 347–363 | Cite as

Impact of the erineum strain of Colomerus vitis (Acari: Eriophyidae) on the development of plants of grapevine cultivars of Iran

  • Saeid Javadi Khederi
  • Mohammad Khanjani
  • Mansur Gholami
  • Enrico de Lillo
Article

Abstract

The present experiment was aimed at determining the influence of the grape erineum strain of Colomerus vitis (GEM) (Acari: Eriophyidae) on responses of local grapevine cultivars. GEM was applied at five density levels to each of five cultivars, i.e. Shahani, Sahebi Uroomie, Khalili Bovanat, Rishbaba and Sezdang Ghalat (listed from early to late grape ripening). The experiment was performed in a full factorial design (12 replicates each) and effects of the mite on the relative content of leaf chlorophyll, internode and cane length, leaf area and weight, number and size of the erinea, and percentage of leaves with erinea were investigated. Also mite density on leaves and in buds was assessed. Data were analyzed with a two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test to separate means among treatment levels and cultivars. The relative content of chlorophyll (expressed in Spad units) in infested leaves was reduced along with an increase in mite density and it was shown to be highly significant at the two higher mite density levels for Khalili Bovanat, Rishbaba and Sezdang Ghalat; Shahani and Sahebi Uroomie leaves appeared to be less affected by mite infestation. The highest mite density treatment displayed a strong correlation with weight (positive correlation) and size (negative correlation) of the leaves of four cultivars; leaves of Sahebi Uroomie appeared to be less affected. The reduced internode length was weak in infested plants. Most infested plants produced shorter canes and their lengths appeared to have a strong negative correlation with the highest mite density in four cultivars; canes of Sahebi Uroomie did not appear affected. At the highest mite density, canes of Khalili Bovanat and Sahebi Uroomie displayed the most and the least shortening effects, respectively. The percentage of leaves with erinea, as well as the number of erinea per leaves and the diameter of erinea increased along with the mite population density. The mite densities in buds (April 2014) and on leaves with erinea (in November 2013) were higher at the highest treatment level in the medium-late (Rishbaba) and late ripening (Sezdang Ghalat) cultivars, than in the early and early-medium ripening ones. Almost all data collected in the current experiment allowed the conclusion that Sahebi Uroomie and Shahani were less affected than the other cultivars (Khalili Bovanat, Rishbaba and Sezdang Ghalat).

Keywords

Grape Mite density Plant responses Plant morphology Correlation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are highly grateful to Prof. Edward A. Ueckermann (ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa) and Prof. James W. Amrine Jr. (West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA) for their critical review and valuable comments. This work is part of a PhD dissertation of the senior author that was funded by Bu-Ali Sina University Hamedan, Iran.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran
  2. 2.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran
  3. 3.Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, Entomological and Zoological SectionUniversity of Bari Aldo MoroBariItaly

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