Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp 395–402 | Cite as

Factors affecting prevailing population levels of Brevipalpus yothersi (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in citrus areas affected by citrus leprosis in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

  • I. Amaral
  • G. J. de Moraes
  • C. C. Melville
  • D. J. Andrade


Brevipalpus yothersi Baker (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) was recently confirmed as one of the main vectors of citrus leprosis. Knowledge about this mite’s biology is essential to understand its population dynamics, in order to solve management issues in citrus orchards and explain why citrus leprosis is more severe in some regions. This paper aimed to study biological factors affecting prevailing population levels of B. yothersi and incidence of citrus leprosis. Mites were sampled from orchards in the south, north and northwestern regions of São Paulo State, Brazil. We assessed duration of the developmental stages, oviposition, incubation period, egg viability, longevity, net reproductive rate (Ro), mean generation time (T), intrinsic rate of increase (rm) and finite rate of increase (λ). There were small differences in parameter values between the three populations. Our results indicated that the various measures adopted in the control of the three populations did not lead to major biological differences between populations for the evaluated parameters.


Citrus sinensis Brevipalpus phoenicis Brevipalpus species complex Flat mites Biological parameters 



The authors thank the Coordination of Higher Education Personnel Improvement—CAPES, for first author’s scholarship; Dr. Alessandra Marieli Vacari, for helping in statistics; Marcio Augusto Soares, for providing mite samples from the Agroterenas farm; and the owners of Vila Rica and Costa e Melo farms, also by providing with mite samples. Our gratitude also extends to Dr. Jeferson Luiz de Carvalho Mineiro for the assistance in identifying the Brevipalpus species.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences (UNESP/FCAV)UNESP - São Paulo State UniversityJaboticabalBrazil

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