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Experimental and Applied Acarology

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 55–67 | Cite as

Sublethal effects of spirodiclofen, abamectin and pyridaben on life-history traits and life-table parameters of two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae)

  • Moosa Saber
  • Zeinab Ahmadi
  • Gholamreza Mahdavinia
Article
  • 176 Downloads

Abstract

Two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, is one of the economically most important pests on a wide range of crops in greenhouses and orchards worldwide. Control of T. urticae has been largely based on the use of acaricides. Sublethal effects of spirodiclofen, pyridaben and abamectin were studied on life-table parameters of T. urticae females treated with the acaricides. LC25 values of spirodiclofen, abamectin and pyridaben (3.84, 0.04 and 136.96 µg a.i./ml, respectively) were used for sublethal studies. All acaricides showed significant effects on T. urticae biological parameters including developmental time, survival rate, and fecundity. The females treated with spirodiclofen, abamectin and pyridaben at LC25 exhibited significantly reduced net reproductive rate (R0), finite rate of increase (λ) and intrinsic rate of increase (r). The intrinsic rate of increase in spirodiclofen, abamectin and pyridaben treated groups and control were 0.0138, 0.0273, 0.039 and 0.2481 female offspring per female per day, respectively. The results indicated that sublethal concentrations of tested pesticides strongly affected the life characteristics of spider mite and consequently may influence mite population growth in future generations.

Keywords

Tetranychus urticae Sublethal effects Life-table parameters Spirodiclofen Abamectin Pyridaben 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of MaraghehMaraghehIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Basic ScienceUniversity of MaraghehMaraghehIran

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