Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

, Volume 39, Issue 9, pp 1341–1352 | Cite as

Investigation of Coulomb force effects on ethylene glycol based nanofluid laminar flow in a porous enclosure

  • M. SheikholeslamiEmail author


Forced convection heat transfer of ethylene glycol based nanofluid with Fe3O4 inside a porous medium is studied using the electric field. The control volume based finite element method (CVFEM) is selected for numerical simulation. The impact of the radiation parameter (Rd), the supplied voltage (Δφ), the volume fraction of nanofluid (ϕ), the Darcy number (Da), and the Reynolds number (Re) on nanofluid treatment is demonstrated. Results prove that thermal radiation increases the temperature gradient near the positive electrode. Distortion of isotherms increases with the enhance of the Darcy number and the Coulomb force.

Key words

control volume based finite element method (CVFEM) porous medium Coulomb force nanofluid thermal radiation electric field 




components of electric field


diffusion number


Lorentz force number

u, v

components of velocity


electric charge density


electric current density




permeability of porous media




Curie temperature


electric force


Reynolds number


Darcy number


radiation parameter


electric Prandtl number


electric field number


charge diffusion coefficient




thermal conductivity


heat capacity


radiation heat flux


shape factor

Greek symbols


volume fraction


electric conductivity


potential electric field


dielectric permittivity




dynamic viscosity


radiation coefficient


stefan Boltzmann coefficient



solid particles


base fluid







Chinese Library Classification


2010 Mathematics Subject Classification



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Copyright information

© Shanghai University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran

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