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Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

, Volume 39, Issue 9, pp 1341–1352 | Cite as

Investigation of Coulomb force effects on ethylene glycol based nanofluid laminar flow in a porous enclosure

  • M. SheikholeslamiEmail author
Article

Abstract

Forced convection heat transfer of ethylene glycol based nanofluid with Fe3O4 inside a porous medium is studied using the electric field. The control volume based finite element method (CVFEM) is selected for numerical simulation. The impact of the radiation parameter (Rd), the supplied voltage (Δφ), the volume fraction of nanofluid (ϕ), the Darcy number (Da), and the Reynolds number (Re) on nanofluid treatment is demonstrated. Results prove that thermal radiation increases the temperature gradient near the positive electrode. Distortion of isotherms increases with the enhance of the Darcy number and the Coulomb force.

Key words

control volume based finite element method (CVFEM) porous medium Coulomb force nanofluid thermal radiation electric field 

Nomenclature

Nomenclature

Ex,Ey

components of electric field

De

diffusion number

SE

Lorentz force number

u, v

components of velocity

q

electric charge density

J

electric current density

p

pressure

K

permeability of porous media

T

temperature

TC

Curie temperature

FE

electric force

Re

Reynolds number

Da

Darcy number

Rd

radiation parameter

PrE

electric Prandtl number

NE

electric field number

D

charge diffusion coefficient

V

velocity

k

thermal conductivity

Cp

heat capacity

qr

radiation heat flux

m

shape factor

Greek symbols

ϕ

volume fraction

σ

electric conductivity

φ

potential electric field

ε

dielectric permittivity

ρ

density

μ

dynamic viscosity

βr

radiation coefficient

σe

stefan Boltzmann coefficient

Subscripts

s

solid particles

f

base fluid

c

cold

nf

nanofluid

h

hot

Chinese Library Classification

O361 

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

76W05 

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Copyright information

© Shanghai University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran

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