Properties of acoustic resonance in double-actuator ultra-sonic gas nozzle: numerical study
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The ultra-sonic gas atomization (USGA) nozzle is an important apparatus in the metal liquid air-blast atomization process. It can generate oscillating supersonic gas efflux, which is proved to be effective to enforce the atomization and produce narrow-band particle distributions. A double-actuator ultra-sonic gas nozzle is proposed in the present paper by joining up two active signals at the ends of the resonance tubes. Numerical simulations are adopted to study the effects of the flow development on the acoustic resonant properties inside the Hartmann resonance cavity with/without actuators. Comparisons show that the strength and the onset process of oscillation are enhanced remarkably with the actuators. The multiple oscillating amplitude peaks are found on the response curves, and two kinds of typical behaviors, i.e., the Hartmann mode and the global mode, are discussed for the corresponding frequencies. The results for two driving actuators are also investigated. When the amplitudes, the frequencies, or the phase difference of the input signals of the actuators are changed, the oscillating amplitudes of gas efflux can be altered effectively.
Key wordsspray atomization ultra-sonic gas nozzle resonance numerical simulation
Chinese Library ClassificationO327
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification74D05
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