Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 13–20 | Cite as

Criterion of aerodynamic performance of large-scale offshore horizontal axis wind turbines

  • Zhao-xue Cheng (程兆雪)
  • Ren-nian Li (李仁年)Email author
  • Cong-xin Yang (杨从新)
  • Wen-rui Hu (胡文瑞)


With the background of offshore wind energy projects, this paper studies aerodynamic performance and geometric characteristics of large capacity wind turbine rotors (1 to 10 MW), and the main characteristic parameters such as the rated wind speed, blade tip speed, and rotor solidity. We show that the essential criterion of a high-performance wind turbine is a highest possible annual usable energy pattern factor and a smallest possible dimension, capturing the maximum wind energy and producing the maximum annual power. The influence of the above-mentioned three parameters on the pattern factor and rotor geometry of wind turbine operated in China’s offshore meteorological environment is investigated. The variation patterns of aerodynamic and geometric parameters are obtained, analyzed, and compared with each other. The present method for aerodynamic analysis and its results can form a basis for evaluating aerodynamic performance of large-scale offshore wind turbine rotors.

Key words

offshore wind energy project horizontal axis wind turbine rotor aerodynamic design annual usable energy pattern factor power coefficient wind turbine rotor wind turbine blade 

Chinese Library Classification


2000 Mathematics Subject Classification



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Cheng, Changjun. Aerodynamic features and safety problems for wind turbine structures in offshore environment (in Chinese). Proceedings of National Workshop on Wind Turbine Aerodynamics, Gansu Science and Technology Press, Lanzhou, 12–19 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Valpy, Bruce. UK Offshore Wind—Next Steps in Technology Development, Paper Collection, Global Wind Power, Beijing, 109–114 (2008)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Camp, T. R., Johnston, M. J., Nichols, J., and Rainey, P. J. Advances in Modelling Techniques for Offshore Wind Turbines, Paper Collection, Global Wind Power, Beijing, 115–118 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Le Gourieres, Desire. Wind Power Plants: Theory and Design, Pergamon Press (1982)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Burton, Tony, Sharpe, David, Jenkins, Nick, and Bossanyi, Ervin. Wind Energy Handbook, Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 475–476 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Cheng, Zhaoxue, Ye, Zhiquan, Chen, Jingyi, and Bai, Shibao. Aerodynamic optimization for the rotor of horizontal-axis wind turbine. Proceedings of International New and Renewable Energy Conference (ed. Zhu, Yajie), International Academic Publishers, Beijing, 306–312 (1990)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Ye, Zhiquan, Cheng, Zhaoxue, Chen, Jingyi, and Bai, Shibao. Aerodynamic optimum design procedure and program for the rotor of a horizontal-axis wind turbine. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 39, 179–186 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Cheng, Zhaoxue, Yang, Congxin, and Li, Rennian. A numerical method in aerodynamic computation for wind turbine rotor (in Chinese). Mechanics in Engineering 29(6), 44–47 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Hillmer, B., Borstelmann, T., Schaffarczyk, P. A., and Dannenberg, L. Aerodynamic and structural design of multiMW wind turbine blades beyond 5 MW. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 75, 012002, 8pp (2007) DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/75/1/012002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Knauer, Andreas and Hanson, Tor David. High tip speed operation for offshore wind turbines. Journal of Physics:Conference Series 75, 012002, 5pp (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Shanghai University and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao-xue Cheng (程兆雪)
    • 1
  • Ren-nian Li (李仁年)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cong-xin Yang (杨从新)
    • 1
  • Wen-rui Hu (胡文瑞)
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lanzhou University of TechnologyLanzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP. R. China

Personalised recommendations